April 19, 2008
Re: “Study: Divorce, illegitimate kids costing taxpayers $112 billion” (The Boston Herald, Page 12, April 15, 2008): So, who then is receiving the benefits or rewards from all of these broken homes?
In economics, there is a supposition that in an unregulated or manipulated marketplace, one uses PERVERSE INCENTIVES in order to receive the benefits or rewards from flawed fiscal policies that have deleterious impacts on society. In my view, perverse incentives may be both intentional & unintentional in their consequences.
As I was born & raised in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, which has a very depressed economy with an annual very high per capita welfare caseload system, including a per capita teen pregnancy rate that increases (by design) every year and now doubles the statewide average. In fact, more than 1 baby per week was born in Pittsfield by a teen-age mother in 2005—or 67 teen pregnancy births in 2005 in all!
In early 2004, I began a “would be” race for Massachusetts State Senate in Pittsfield, but I quickly dropped-out as none of the state politicians would sign my nomination papers, sending me a message of “get out”. Nonetheless, I tried to discuss Pittsfield’s high teen per capita pregnancy rates & related social justice concerns with local politicians.
One response was from Pittsfield City Councilor-(-President) Gerald Lee that North Adams Mayor John Barrett III had decreed that I am a “Social Problem.” Please note that John Barrett has been Mayor of North Adams for over two consecutive decades and has seen dramatic job & population losses, diminishing public schools that should have been taken over by the state, and terribly high rates of poverty, teen pregnancies, and skyrocketing welfare caseloads.
Another response from Lee was that Pittsfield not only deals with “social problems like me”, they also take in welfare caseloads from other cities. Moreover, when someone from Southern Berkshire County has an unplanned, unwanted pregnancy, they come to Pittsfield for Social Services.
So, U.S. taxpayers on all levels of government are spending approximately $112,000,000,000.00 (or $112 billion) per year on broken homes. Whereas almost all welfare dollars are federally funded & state-administered, and without factoring in variable population numbers by the 50 states, that would be $2,240,000,000.00 (or $2.24 billion) per year for each state government. However, while Massachusetts has over 6-million residents, New Hampshire has about 1/6th of its neighboring southern state’s population. That means that Massachusetts receives 6 times the money on social service programs than its neighboring northeastern state.
Financial Management stipulates that one diversifies one’s funds—or don’t put all of your “eggs” in “one basket”. Why? The answer is that one fund will offset another fund to optimize one’s financial net worth. How? The answer is that if I may complement my multiple fund accounts, they will all stay fiscally solvent and I have more elasticity to take risks to receive rewards. If one fund account keeps under-performing over the long-term, I sell it off or cut it out of my portfolio—like then-GE CEO’s Jack Welch’s management style.
The $112 billion in U.S. taxpayer dollars for broken homes benefits the state & local governments because most of the money comes from “Uncle Sam” and then the wealth of revenues borne out of poverty and welfare are complemented to the respective state’s 20-to-30 other revenue sources. The state then administers the money to welfare magnet cities like Pittsfield & North Adams. These communities then complement this money to their respective revenue sources.
What do I mean? The respective state government takes the federal dollars for Social Service Programs (& Public Education, too) and meets the minimum regulatory compliance standards to the letter of the law. This means that they put the minimum amount of federal dollars towards welfare or single mother households and the public schools their children attend, and use the rest of the money for special interests! This means that the Corporate Elite’s well-connected big businesses will receive $500 million in tax breaks in next year’s fiscal budget. This means that your state Representative will receive more campaign contributions from wealthy businesses in return and will be re-elected in another uncompetitive “democratic” election. This means that because Massachusetts has high taxes and low job growth, the well-connected wealthy businesses will pay less in taxes, and the politicians will grow their campaign coffers.
And now…we move onto the proverbial “Pittsfield.” In Pittsfield, the average family is paying high taxes and is looking at low job growth numbers—by NO coincidence, the same as the state they live in. The well-connected businesses are receiving valuable tax breaks from City Hall so they are not shouldering the burden like “Mom & Dad”.
After the proverbial “Pittsfield” child drops-out of (or graduates) from Pittsfield High School, there is no living wage job available. The child meets his or her sexual partner and about one year later they have a baby at around 18 years of age. The “Pittsfield” father doesn’t understand that he is now in the “Massachusetts Probate Court Judicial System” and owes many thousands of dollars per year for the next 2 decades to his teenage sweetheart. The “Pittsfield” mother doesn’t understand that her parents are unable to support her and the baby, and now she must subscribe to state & local welfare programs to subsist.
Meanwhile, Pittsfield’s City Hall is inputting these two young adults into the system so that they (the city government) will receive greater welfare outputs or more federally funded, state-administered public dollars. The more welfare caseloads, the more $ “Pittsfield” receives from “Beacon Hill’s State House”.
Like the state government, the local government COMPLEMENTS the money it receives from its welfare or social service programs, including public education, to the rest of its revenue tax base. For the state, it is billion of dollars per year, for the city, it is tens of millions. “Pittsfield” does the same thing its state government counterpart already did: It meets the minimum regulatory compliance standards for social service programs and public education to the letter of the law, which means that they put the minimum amount of federally funded, state-administered dollars towards their welfare or single mother households and the public schools their children attend, and use the rest of the money for special interests!
For Pittsfield Mayor Jimmy Ruberto or North Adams Mayor John Barrett III, complementing funds keeps the powerful local interests happy and leadership static—sort of like State Representative Dan Bosley permanent station on Beacon Hill’s State House—(by no coincidence). The more uneducated, low skilled, dependent and dysfunctional poor residents, the more money the state and its cities receive from “Uncle Sam”. Ruberto will give well connected business millions in tax breaks and grow his campaign coffers, while Barrett will continue to epitomize the anti-paradigm for public education.
The bottom line is that the poor people are the business commodities of the state & local governments. When a “Father’s Rights” advocate/reformer like my friend Rinaldo Del Gallo III goes before his state & local politicians to address the social justice issues of his community and state, his idealism is slighted by reality. When Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick talks about business growth, he is seizing the “disadvantaged’s” hope-filled interests with more than his false populism. When State Representative Dan Bosley endorses the Lottery, he is taking the same hope-filled money from the poor in order to give tax breaks to his friendly corporate campaign contributors. When Mayor Jimmy Ruberto states he wants the best public education system in the state, it is no wonder why Pittsfield’s public schools rank in the bottom 10 along with North Adams.
Jonathan A. Melle
The Boston Herald – Page 12 – Tuesday, April 15, 2008:
“Study: Divorce, illegitimate kids costing taxpayers $112 billion”
NEW YORK – Divorce & out-of-wedlock childbearing costs U.S. taxpayers more than $112 billion a year, according to a study commissioned by groups advocating government action to bolster marriage.
There have been previous attempts to calculate the cost of divorce in America. But the sponsors of the new study, being released today, said theirs is the first to gauge the broader cost of “family fragmentation” – both divorce & unwed childbearing.
Georgia State University economist Ben Scafidi’s calculations were based on the assumption that households headed by a single female have relatively high poverty rates, leading to higher spending on welfare, health care, criminal justice and education for those raised in the disadvantaged homes. The $112 billion estimate includes the cost of federal, state and local government programs, and lost tax revenue at all levels of government.
While the study doesn’t offer formal recommendations, it does suggest that state and federal lawmakers consider investing more money in programs intended to bolster marriages. Such a program has been in place in Oklahoma since 2001; Texas last year earmarked about $15 million in federal funds for marriage education.
“Because of the very large taxpayer costs associated with high rates of divorce & unwed childbearing, and the most marriage-strengthening initiatives … programs even with very modest success rates will be cost-effective,” the study says.
“The study documents for the first time that divorce and unwed childbearing–besides being bad for children–are costing taxpayers a ton of money,” said David Blankenhorn of the Institute for American Values, one of the study’s sponsors.
–The Associated Press
A REVIEW OF THE PROLIFERATION TEEN PREGNANCIES IN MY NATIVE HOMETOWN OF PITTSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS
-By Jonathan Alan Melle
TEEN PREGNANCY RATES IN PITTSFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, DOUBLE THE STATEWIDE AVERAGE!...BY DESIGN...as PERVERSE INCENTIVES RULE PITTSFIELD's GOVERNMENT!...The Mayor and communitarian Elites in the Pittsfield/North Adams area are all SELFISH and SICK BASTARDS!
Saturday, 3 February, 2007
Re: "Teen pregnancy up, youth programs down" (Letter to the Editor of The Berkshire Eagle, by Holly Brouker, Saturday, February 03, 2007): Teen pregnancies are up in Pittsfield by design. Why? As Rinaldo Del Gallo III pointed out in a previous letter to the Editor of The Berkshire Eagle earlier this week, the answer lies in perverse economic incentives!
A poor, post-industrial city government such as Pittsfield, Massachusetts' biggest economic resource is not business, but government. Why is this so and how does it even begin to make sense? Both from many decades of personal experience of growing up in Pittsfield and the surrounding area, and through my studies and personal interests in political science and public administration, the answers lie in the economic principles of both risk and its close second liabilities.
The political system works and is administered as follows: The Federal Government appropriates billions of social service and public educational dollars every fiscal year to the state governments to administer. With these public dollars, the state governments have to meet certain regulatory guidelines and compliance standards or else they will be penalized and funds will be withheld. To see a state not meet federal regulatory standards, just look at what happened to federal funding with the "Big Dig" in Boston. The state governments then receive these federal dollars for social service and public educational dollars and administer them to the school districts, meaning to the city and town governments.
Let us stop here for a brief moment. The state government uses perverse economic incentives instead of rational economic incentives by taking the federal dollars and meeting the minimal federal regulatory standards for social service and public education. Why do the state's do this? So that the states can take the rest of the federal money and complement it to their own state fiscal year budget. Now the state governments can bridge their own budget gaps, vote each other legislative pay raises, allow a new governor to try to buy off the Legislature with another pay raise (see Deval-uator Patrick), and the like.
Going forward. The cities and towns then receive the federal dollars through the state administered programs for their social services and public educational programs. Now, the municipal government uses perverse economic incentives instead of rational economic incentives by taking the state administered federal dollars and only meets the minimal state regulatory standards for social service and public education. Why to the city and town governments do this? So that the municipality can take the rest of the state administered federal money and complement it to their own local fiscal year budget. Now the municipal governments can artificially lower property taxes (to the extent possible), subsidize business tax breaks, and have fancy new theaters and ball parks.
So, back to the economic principles of both risk and its close second liabilities. Now, to a local government, business open and close, move out of town, lay off workers, and the like. What does this all mean to a Mayor? The answer is long-term risks that if lose money through property taxes, jobs, and the like, mean increase liabilities (financial obligations) for the municipal government the Mayor is administering -- meaning Mayor McCheese will be faced with big property tax hikes to fill the annual fiscal year municipal budget gap, which will lead to the end of his time in political office.
So what does Mayor McCheese invest in? You got it, the government! Why? Because it is a sure thing with low risks and low liabilities. Every year, good old Uncle Sam is going to spend billions of social service and public education federal dollars, and every year the state government is going to take that money to administer to the cities and towns.
So what happens next for a city like Pittsfield? In order to for the municipality to receive the government dollars, they need people to fill the slots for social service and public educational public dollars. How does Pittsfield recruit these people to "North Street" or "Social Service Alley"? You got it! By allowing teenage girls and young woman to have unprotected sexual intercourse and become pregnant and receive all of the social service entitlement welfare benefits. Now, you have a mother receiving benefits, a child that will be in need for many decades to come, and going to the local public schools to boot, and "deadbeat dad" tied down to the locality by child support -- one of two payments one can never write off to bankruptcy (the other debt being student loans).
In the end, Pittsfield now receives tens of millions of dollars in federally appropriated and state administered public dollars every fiscal year. Wow, what a profit! In conclusion, Teen Pregnancies are up in Pittsfield by design because of PERVERSE ECONOMIC INCENTIVES! The letter, pasted below, illustrates everything I just wrote. Read on...
-Jonathan A. Melle
Teen births - BERKSHIRE County
Wednesday, March 22, 2006
Pittsfield's teen birth rate nearly doubles the statewide figure. The following numbers reflect the amount of teen pregnancies for every thousand girls in 2004:
Source: Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy
Teen pregnancy up in Pittsfield, Massachusetts
By Jack Dew, Berkshire Eagle Staff
Thursday, January 25, 2007
PITTSFIELD — The teen pregnancy rate rose in Pittsfield in 2005, even as the state and national numbers declined.
The state Department of Public Health conducts an annual survey of all births in Massachusetts. Its report for 2005, released on Tuesday, shows that Pittsfield continues to buck the state and national trend of slowing teen pregnancies.
There were 67 babies born to mothers aged 15 to 19 in Pittsfield in 2005. That equates to a rate of 52.7 babies for every 1,000 girls in that age group, the seventh-highest in the state.
That is an increase of nearly 14 percent over 2004, when there were 59 teen births, or 46.4 per 1,000 in Pittsfield.
Meanwhile, Massachusetts has watched its teen pregnancy rate decline steadily for the past 15 years: In 2005, there were 21.7 teen mothers per 1,000 teen girls, versus roughly 35 in 1990.
'Growing Up Fast'
The Pittsfield numbers perpetuate a worrisome trend in the city, which has been under scrutiny since 2003, when a book, "Growing Up Fast," and a companion documentary movie focused attention on teen pregnancy in the city.
The book and movie concentrated on six teen mothers, telling their stories as they struggled with their young families.
The new numbers show that, while Pittsfield's rate may fluctuate from one year to the next, it has stayed stubbornly high.
And over the five-year period from 2000 to 2005, teen pregnancies increased by almost 24 percent.
The Pittsfield trend sticks out in a state that has a teen birth rate that is 46 percent below the national average of 40.4 births per 1,000 teens.
In fact, Massachusetts is seeing the average age of its mothers increase, with the majority waiting until they are between the ages of 30 and 34 to have children, according to the Department of Public Health report.
Nationally, the majority of women having children fall into the 25 to 29 age range.
» Teen pregnancy
Teen births in Pittsfield per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19:
2000 — 42.6
2001 — 36
2002 — 44.8
2003 — 52.9
2004 — 46.4*
2005 — 52.7
*The DPH revised this number this year to take into account a change in Pittsfield's estimated population. The number published in 2006 was 43.4.
Teen births in Massachusetts per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19:
2000 — 25.8
2001 — 24.3
2002 — 22.6
2003 — 22.6
2004 — 22.2
2005 — 21.7
Teen births in the United States per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19:
2000 — 48.5
2001 — 45.8
2002 — 42.9
2003 — 41.7
2004 — 41.2
2005 — 40.4
Source: The Massachusetts Department of Public Health
Persistent problem of teen pregnancy
The Berkshire Eagle - Editorial
Tuesday, January 30, 2007
While the rest of the state is celebrating modest progress in the effort to combat teen pregnancy, the problem only grows worse in Pittsfield. This is as puzzling as it is disappointing. Pittsfield is not unique in the socioeconomic programs that lead to a high teen pregnancy rate. There is no giving up, but if current strategies aren't working, what can be done?
According to the state Department of Public Health, the teen pregnancy rate declined 2.25 percent to 21.7 per 1,000 in 2005, while the rate skyrocketed 13.6 percent to 46.4 per 1,000 in Pittsfield. The city's prevention programs and agencies were kept well-funded through the advocacy of former state Representative Peter Larkin, and there is no reason to believe agency personnel are not capable and hard working. If, however, teens don't see having babies as a problem, or if they even see it as a benefit, no amount of money or hard work will make a difference.
Mr. Larkin suggests that part of the problem is drug dealers taking up housekeeping with local girls and winning state-financed housing when a baby comes along, providing the dealers with a base of operations. If this is the case, it is difficult to cut funding for the drug dealer without putting the teen and her child out on the street. It would, however, be just one more reason for law enforcement agencies to clean the city and county of drug-dealing parasites.
In exploring the lives of several Pittsfield teen mothers, author and film-maker Joanna Lipper ("Growing Up Fast") found that the teens in general believed that having babies would boost their self-esteem and give meaning to otherwise empty lives. In reality, becoming a teen mom usually means an end to higher education and a lifetime of poverty. The DPH results suggest that nothing has changed in Pittsfield since Ms. Lipper's revealing book was published in the fall of 2003, and an unrealistic attitude toward having babies by teens will frustrate well-intentioned, well-funded prevention efforts.
The coalition of community groups and social service agencies that sponsored the recently released Berkshire Youth Development Project survey are convinced many youth problems, from pregnancy to alcohol to drugs, can be attributed in part to a lost connection with community, which should provide a sense of right and wrong, as well as outlets like after school activities that build esteem and keep young people occupied. That connection must be restored, and teens, boys and girls, must be more responsible. It isn't enough to throw money at the problem of teen pregnancy.
Teen pregnancy up, youth programs down
Saturday, February 03, 2007
To the Editor of THE EAGLE:
Let's review last week's news:
Teen pregnancy rate is up in Pittsfield, the police are teaching health in Lanesborough schools (subject to renewal from state budget), and some school districts claim they cannot afford to support a high school bowling team.
Would you say students do not need health classes or more physical education time? Should they be allowed to experiment in unhealthy behaviors such as sex, alcohol, and drug use? We already know childhood obesity is a rising epidemic which leads to more serious disease. One-third if not more of the children in the United States are considered obese, ticking time bombs. Isn't it just easier to follow the crowd rather than be different, especially when schools and towns don't offer alternative healthy guidance?
You mean to tell me a bunch of motivated kids can't have a bowling team at their high school because there isn't enough money for the important sports teams to exist?
I ask you: What is wrong with this picture? Why isn't the government, national, state and local, looking at our school programs, allotting teachers and coaches who love what they do the money they need to keep our kids bowling, healthy, and not pregnant!
Whatever the activity, families, schools and governments need to look at the big picture and promote a healthier living for life. Kudos to those who continue to try.
Pittsfield, Jan. 29, 2007
The writer is a former health/physical education teacher who lost her job because of budget cuts in 2002.
The Washington Post Online
Teen Pregnancy, Birth Rates Plummet Across D.C. Region
By Susan Levine
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, October 29, 2007; Page A01
In a country with the worst rates in the industrialized world, officials have focused on teen pregnancies and births because of their distressing, lifelong ramifications.
Adolescent mothers frequently compromise not only their health but also their future, dropping out of school and struggling financially. Their babies are at greater risk for a host of problems, including low birth weight and abuse, neglect and poor academic performance.
"Teen childbearing affects young people at both ends of childhood," the Annie E. Casey Foundation has noted.
One in four Berkshire moms not getting prenatal care
By Anthony Fyden - February, 23 2006
In stark contrast to other Massachusetts communities, fewer than 75 percent of Berkshire mothers received adequate prenatal care in 2004, according to a new statewide report. That means that at least one in every four pregnant women failed to get the care needed to safely deliver healthy babies.
From a statewide perspective, the Massachusetts Births 2004 report, released on Wednesday, held some good news, including that the state's teen birth rate reached an all-time low. In fact, the teen birth rate of 22.2 births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 was 46 percent lower than the national rate. (The teen birth rate for Berkshire County was 25.8 percent).
Also, smoking rates during pregnancy reached an all time low statewide, 7.4 percent, 28 percent below the national rate. And in 2004, Massachusetts had the second lowest Infant Mortality Rate in its history: 4.7 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
But the report raised some startling red flags for Berkshire County, particularly in the area of prenatal care. The report noted "less than 75 percent of mothers received adequate prenatal care in the Community Health Network of Berkshire County.”
In contrast, over 90 percent of mothers living within the Beverly/Gloucester health network received adequate prenatal care.
In Pittsfield, only 69.4 percent of mothers received adequate prenatal care, compared to over 90 percent of mothers living in Brookline and Arlington.
Pittsfield's Berkshire Medical Center (64.6 percent) was among facilities with the lowest reported rate of adequacy of prenatal care among mothers delivering in 2004. Other hospitals in this category were Boston Medical Center (53.9 percent), Tobey Hospital (62.8 percent), Lowell General Hospital (64.5 percent).
The hospitals with the highest rates of prenatal care included Beverly Hospital (93.3 percent), Saint Vincent Hospital (94.8 percent), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (95.1 percent), and Brigham and Women's Hospital (98.1 percent).
According to a summary issued to the press, other key findings of the report include:
"In 2004, there was a 2 percent decrease in the number of births statewide. The number of births has decreased by 15 percent from 92,461 births in 1990 to 78,460 in 2004.
"The percentage of low birth weight infants (LBW) (less than 2,500 grams or 5.5 pounds) was 7.8 percent, the highest rate ever, although it is 4 percent below the national rate. Two important factors that account for this increase are the ages of mothers giving birth and the increase in multiple births.
"Older women are more likely to deliver LBW infants. The average age of a woman giving birth in Massachusetts is increasing. In 1980, about 1 in 4 births was to a woman aged 30 or older. In 2004, 56 percent of women giving birth were 30 years or older.
"Multiple births accounted for more than one half of the increase of low birth weight since 1990. The percentage of multiple births remained high in 2004. In 2004, 1 out of 21 births was a multiple birth. In 1990 1 out of 38 births was a multiple birth.
"Teen birth rates were highest in Lawrence (79.4 per 1,000 women ages 15- 19), Holyoke (76.0) and Springfield (70.9).
"Disparities in birth outcomes continue. The Black non-Hispanic IMR is 3 times that of white non-Hispanics (11.4 verses 3.8).
"The report in its entirety is available at www.mass.gov/dph/pubstats.htm . The data is also available through MassCHIP at www.masschip.state.ma.us ."
THE BERKSHIRE EAGLE-
Pittsfield graduate rates low
Ranked in bottom 13% in state
By Matt Murphy, Eagle Boston Bureau
Friday, February 02, 2007
Pittsfield graduated only 67.6 percent of its students who entered high school in 2002, a number that climbed to 72.9 percent among students who spent all four years at Pittsfield high schools.
Bump looks to address job losses in Berkshires
By: Karen Honikel
Governor Deval Patrick's new Executive Director of Workforce Development isn't wasting any time getting down to business.
Former State Representative Suzanne Bump is working to introduce herself to the local business communities and let them know she will make sure the Berkshires are not forgotten on Beacon Hill. She says a major concern right now is addressing the loss of jobs in the Berkshires.
Currently the Berkshires have the highest rate of job loss in Massachusetts. Bump says this can be changed with the right policies in place. She says she will be meeting with the Governor once a week to work on bringing skilled workers and higher paying jobs into the area.
Bump says a key part to local job growth and development will be finding a way to keep the younger workers in the Berkshires.
"Teens to get new space at club"
By Amy Carr, Berkshire Eagle Staff
Wednesday, June 04, 2008
PITTSFIELD — Back to the future.
The Boys and Girls Club of Pittsfield will use part of a recent $13.9 million gift to revitalize a dance hall-like room known as The Lighthouse, once considered "the place to be" for area teens.
Preliminary plans for the two-year, $2.5 million overhaul include the addition of a fitness facility, a café or fruit bar, and a small stage for events such as talent shows, poetry slams and Super Bowl parties. In its heyday, The Lighthouse was home to popular Friday night dances, and it is the only area of the Melville Street building's 120,000 square feet not used on a daily basis.
"The Lighthouse at one time was the place to be for teens throughout Berkshire County, with hundreds in attendance at Friday night dances," said John C. Donna, president of the Boys and Girls Club's board of directors. "The club wishes to place The Lighthouse back into play for teens, with some new amenities."
The renovation marks the first phase of the club's new strategic plan, featuring $6 million in capital improvements expected over a period of eight years.
Peter Bell, executive director of the club, said renovations — made possible by the anonymous $13.9 million donation in stock last fall — are a direct attempt to provide a positive atmosphere and rewarding activities for area high school students.
"We want to remember the history of The Lighthouse, but we're here about its future," Bell said. "And we're excited to get it back in play for high school-aged children who are looking for a place for daily recreation and leisure time.
"I, as somebody who's worked with this age group, know that what excites us the most about this project is getting high school students back in here on a daily basis, to keep them involved for another four years and help to make them responsible citizens of Berkshire County."
With the $2.5 million renovation, the club will have spent $5.3 million on the infrastructure of its facility. The club also is exploring other options to expand programming and facility space, including extending hours of operation.
Mayor James M. Ruberto, who was on hand for yesterday's announcement, said the revitalization of The Lighthouse is proof that community leaders are dedicated to the growth and improvement of the city.
"I get teased about saying, 'It's a great day for Pittsfield,' " Ruberto said. "But this really is a great day for our youth. Last week, the City Council authorized $2 million for a new cinema center and now this. So it's like we're going back to the future at a rapid, rapid pace.
"To the Boys and Girls Club and to the anonymous donor, wherever you are: Thank you deeply for talking a look at what our city needs, and for blending it with a way to bring back our youth."
To reach Amy Carr: firstname.lastname@example.org, (413) 496-6233.
"Budget shortfall at the forefront"
By Dick Lindsay, Berkshire Eagle Staff, Tuesday, November 04, 2008
PITTSFIELD — Pittsfield Public Schools are feeling the side effects of state budget cuts announced last month by Gov. Deval L. Patrick.
"We weren't hit head-on, like the state agencies," Superintendent Howard "Jake" Eberwein III said.
However, Eberwein and School Committee Chairwoman Kathleen A. Amuso cited several areas of the nearly $50 million school budget that will have less money in the current fiscal year due to the massive reductions. Those cuts are intended to close a $1.4 billion dollar shortfall in the state spending plan.
The state reductions impact on local school spending, along with cost controls and possible anticipated teacher and staff retirements, will be discussed by the finance subcommittee of the School Committee tomorrow night.
The finance panel meets at 5:30 p.m., prior to the regular School Committee meeting at 7 p.m. Both are in the Pittsfield High School library and open to the public.
Eberwein and Amuso said the Teen Pregnancy Prevention program will receive $67,500 in state funding, compared to the original amount of $125,000.
They also said the circuit breaker funding for special education will drop from 75 percent to 72 percent reimbursement of money a local school district spends above $35,000 for each special needs student.
Amuso added that adult basic education was cut $1 million statewide, but how that will affect Pittsfield is uncertain.
Eberwein said the total dollar amount of local cuts resulting from less state spending is at this point an unknown.
He also sent out a district-wide memo on ways to cut costs to further save taxpayer dollars.
"Conserving electricity by turning off computers at night or not in use for long periods of time and copying on both sides of the paper" said Eberwein, citing a couple of examples.
"We would normally do these things. The memo was just a friendly reminder," he added.
"We simply have to change the way we work," Amuso said.
Amuso also pointed out when a veteran teacher or staff member retires, their replacements usually make less money, thus reducing the salary account.
School officials will review anticipated retirements and also look ahead to fiscal 2010, which begins July 1, 2009.
"We have to plan for different scenarios over the next few months," said Amuso, uncertain what amount, if any, direct state aid to public schools — so called Chapter 70 money — will be cut.
"I'm not approaching this with gloom and doom," Eberwein said. "But we have to be realistic considering the economy and do our homework."
''I have to live with those images and experiences,'' says filmmaker Joanna Lipper, about her work on the movie adaptation of Roger King's novel ''A Girl From Zanzibar.'' (david l. ryan/globe staff)
G FORCE | JOANNA LIPPER
"Living in 'Zanzibar'"
By Irene Sege, Boston Globe Staff, November 29, 2008
CAMBRIDGE - Given that filmmaker Joanna Lipper has read "A Girl From Zanzibar" at least 10 times, not counting the nights she rereads a chapter in bed, her paperback copy of Roger King's novel should be more dog-eared than it is.
Instead the blue cover of the book about a young woman's journey from Zanzibar to London to Vermont that forms the basis for Lipper's next movie is in pristine condition. Lipper has inserted color-coded paper clips to bookmark the text with such care the pages aren't torn. The red clips indicate Benji, lover of protagonist Marcella; green indicates corruption; white Marcella's life in London. Lipper has highlighted passages in yellow.
"It's a way of me living intimately with the text," Lipper says. "I have to live with those images and experiences."
Lipper, 36, is a Harvard-educated Manhattanite, back for a yearlong fellowship at Harvard's W.E.B. DuBois Institute for African and African American Research. She's here working on a film adaptation of the British-born King's fourth novel, in which Marcella moves to London, is imprisoned for her unwitting involvement in an illegal arms deal, and finally teaches college in New England. King's first two novels were nominated for the prestigious Booker prize.
Lipper, impeccably clad in a tailored navy blue blouse and skirt, leans into conversation, using her hands for emphasis, speaking fast, then sits back and rests her head on her hand. "It's hard to keep up with her sometimes," says King, 61.
King, who's lived in Leverett in western Massachusetts since 1997, met Lipper at a screening of her award-winning 1999 documentary, "Growing Up Fast," about teenaged mothers in Pittsfield. King later gave her a copy of "Zanzibar."
"Even though it's not Joanna's background, she felt she had a lot in common with the main character," King says, "and made me feel she would push to succeed in a way another producer might not."
Lipper is preparing to take King's screenplay to backers for a movie she hopes to make for under $6 million.
Lipper's first film was the 1996 documentary "Inside Out: Portraits of Children." Her first feature film is "Little Fugitive," a 2006 remake of the 1953 film about a young boy who flees to Coney Island after being tricked into believing he killed his brother.
Lipper leafs through her copy of "Zanzibar" and stops on a page in which Marcella contemplates resolving her relationship with Benji. What woman, Lipper muses, would not identify with that?
"There are things about Marcella's journey that are very familiar to me. Her journey through her 20s," Lipper says. "She embraced life with a lot of passion. I identified with that."
"Miss Hall's lists top AP scholars"
Thursday, January 08, 2009
Miss Hall's School announced that 18 students have been named by the College Board as AP Scholars.
Senior Ruth Montiel, of Williamstown, and four recent graduates were named AP Scholars with Distinction. Montiel was also recognized as an AP National Scholar.
Recent graduates recognized are: Dana Drugmand, of Washington, now attending Mount Holyoke College; Alyssa Kronen, of Canaan, N.Y., Middlebury College; Nora McCloskey, of Pittsfield, Trinity College; and Elizabeth Rutledge, of Pittsfield, Providence College.
Five MHS graduates were named AP Scholars with Honor Those students are: Amelie Dyzmann, now attending college in her native Germany; Caroline Ellis, of Richmond, Barnard College; Lauren Melle, of Pittsfield, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Sally Melville, of Great Barrington, Newcastle University (U.K.); and Kathleen Sagarin, of North Egremont, McGill University (Montreal).
"Teen pregnancy programs spared cuts"
By David Pepose, Berkshire Eagle Staff, Wednesday, February 04, 2009
PITTSFIELD — The state Department of Public Health has stepped in to prevent local teen pregnancy prevention organizations from suffering further cuts after the governor's decision to reduce teen pregnancy prevention funds by $100,000.
Instead of passing that cut along to smaller agencies around the state, the DPH said yesterday that it will cut a new training program for workers at the Department of Children and Families.
"We had targets we had to meet. As opposed to cutting programs, we are looking at cost savings that we can make in non-direct service lines," said Donna Johnson, the DPH's director of primary care. Instead of allowing the reduction to hit local outlets, "we cut training for the staff of some of our teen pregnancy prevention programs at the Department of Children and Families."
Johnson said the cuts will not affect the 18 pregnancy prevention programs that the Department of Children and Families already runs.
"The good news is the (cut) training programs haven't begun yet — so we haven't cut the trainings, we just haven't implemented them."
She stressed that this reduction would not result in any lost jobs at the DCF.
This move may prove to be a relief for local teen pregnancy prevention groups, which suffered a $285,000 statewide cut in November. Together, Berkshire County, North Adams, and Pittsfield lost $210,000.
"We got cut all over the place," said Al Bashevkin, director of the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition. "Are we providing the same level of service we did before? It's harder — we've cut a lot of program opportunities, we've cut training, we've cut travel, but we're still providing the same level of services the same way we can."
Bashevkin would not elaborate further on what sorts of programs were cut. But he said he was pleased with the DPH's decision. "It's unfortunate that the economy is in a place were we have to make those cuts ... (but) I appreciate the state making the decision."
Patricia Quinn of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy said "this current governor really understands the importance of teen pregnancy programs more than others have," said
"Communities like Pittsfield have been confronting this challenge for many years, and really need these resources to bring sexual health information to their communities," Quinn added. "$4 million is not too much to ask for sex ed in districts with two, three, sometimes even four times the state rate."
To reach David Pepose: email@example.com or (413) 496-6240
Past budget cuts
Teen pregnancy prevention programs already had been hit with the following budget cuts in November 2008.
North Adams: $67,500
Source: The Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy.
"Advocates plea for funding"
By Dick Lindsay, Berkshire Eagle Staff, Thursday, February 26, 2009
PITTSFIELD — Since turning 13 years old, Vanessa has been in and out of juvenile detention, dropped out of high school and given birth to two children — one, a daughter, she gave up for adoption.
Now 19, Vanessa is staying out of trouble, has received a high school equivalency diploma and is learning to be a good mother to her other child, a son.
Thanks to the Family Literacy Program at the Adult Learning Center in Pittsfield, Vanessa said she has finally turned her life around.
"Not a lot of programs stand behind teen mothers, like they did," Vanessa said, wiping away tears from her cheek. "They stayed with me through thick and thin."
"If the program remains open, others will have the same chance I did," she added. "They could be saved too."
Vanessa was speaking before Pittsfield's Human Services Advisory Council on Wednesday night, advocating for continued funding of the literacy program. She was one of several consumers of human service agencies, along with officials from those organizations, lobbying the nine-member panel for human services funding from the yet-to-be-approved new city budget, which will takes effect July 1.
The council — through the Department of Community Development at City Hall — is currently accepting applications that the panel will review and then make recommendations for approval to Mayor James M. Ruberto and the City Council.
While Pittsfield doled out a total of $430,000 to 36 programs — including the Family Literacy Program — in fiscal 2009, city officials are expecting a greater need in fiscal 2010.
"This year we're seeing requests from agencies we haven't funded in the past or ones we've never heard of before," said Robert Cornwell, coordinator of the human services fund.
Last year, the fund was a 50-50 split of city taxpayer dollars and federal grants. Meehan said that ratio may need to change in fiscal 2010, as Pittsfield is already facing a potential $2 million cut in local aid if the proposed state budget from Gov. Deval L. Patrick is approved.
"We're hopeful those federal dollars will be increased to offset any loss on the local level," he said.
Several people told the council that the state budget cuts have already put local human services in a financial hole and any further funding decreases would mean fewer residents being served.
"I'm taking care of 25 consumers who are falling through the cracks," said Dee Gardiner, representing Berkshire County Self-Advocates. "Any benefits to any organization are greatly needed."
Amy Alexander, of Pittsfield, said The Brien Center needs to keep receiving human services funding from Pittsfield, as she and others rely on the center's mental health services.
"I've known about my mental illness for 23 years and have been getting great service at The Brien Center," Alexander said.
"I don't know where I'd be without Brien," added Cathie Croteau, who has an eight-year-old grandson getting help at the center. "No doubt in my mind he'll end up in jail without those services."
Croteau is raising the young boy, because his mother is in jail, and so she also relies on the Grandparents Raising Grandchildren Support Group. The program sponsored by Berkshire Children and Families is another past recipient of Pittsfield human services money.
"It has been my saving grace," Croteau said. "You sit down with other grandparents and find out you're not alone."
"It's great to have that one-on-one support," said Christopher Meehan, chairman of the Human Services Advisory Council. "That's what human services is all about."
To reach Dick Lindsay: firstname.lastname@example.org, or (413) 496-6233.
"Unmarried with kids: Obama should speak up"
The NH Union Leader Online, Editorial, 3/20/2009
A shocking cultural benchmark was passed in 2007, new federal data revealed this week. That year, 40 percent of the babies born in the United States were born to unmarried mothers.
The decay of the American family carries enormous consequences. Children raised in single-parent families are statistically far less likely to thrive than are their peers raised in two-parent families. They are significantly more likely to be poor, commit crimes and drop out of school.
The problem is bad enough for white children, 28 percent of whom were born to single mothers in 2007. But it has reached crisis proportions in Hispanic and black homes. More than half (51 percent) of Hispanic children and nearly three-quarters (72 percent) of black children were born to single mothers in 2007.
Government can do only so much to arrest cultural decay. Presidents have tried for decades to discourage out-of-wedlock births, and yet we have hit a record. But President Obama might have greater success than his predecessors. It is not unreasonable to suspect that minority parents-to-be would listen more attentively to President Obama's advice than to that given by the white men who came before him.
The President is setting a terrific example with his own family. Were he to use his "bully pulpit" to promote marriage, he might make a difference. Given what is at stake for the country, surely that should be as high a priority as energy efficiency and health insurance reform.
This article has hit the nail right on the head. The root cause of all of our country's problems can be traced to the break down of the family. Go ahead can call me right winged, but the following would help to solve our problems,
1. If you're not married, do NOT get involved in a physical relationship with someone else, period.
2. Love is a decision. If you get married, choose to stay with that person for life. Learn to live with each other, no matter the fault.
- MH, Manchester
The ideal is that two parents raise their child/children together to provide a structured atmosphere as well as providing some financial balance within a home. Because that is not a reality and has never been a reality, regardless of what time period we are talking about (by the way, spike, the collapse of the Roman empire was brought on by the evolution of Christianity and not the demise of the Roman family. check your history).
Children need structure, dependable parents (and that doesn't mean that they have to live together), consistency in schools, and the hope of a roof over their heads, as well as a healthy diet to keep their growing bodies strong and bright. If all people could provide that for their children - regardless of what socioeconomic class, ethnicity or gender - then life would be better for all of us. Past, present and future.
- joco, manchester, nh
Sounds like something W. Loeb would have written 50 years ago. Typical UL moralizing. FLUSH!
- Lucy J., Manchester
The "Amercian Family Unit" is being redefined as we speak, and that is a good thing. Moral decay? Blah blah blah
- Dorothy, Concord
He won't speak up.
Those future "good boys turning their life around" are his political base, remember?
Haven't you seen the Obama Youth videos on YouTube, with all the one-of-ten-from-a-welfare-mom "keeds" stomping around and singing Obama's praises?
He won't speak up. They're a resource to him!
- Arthur McKennis, Hooksett
Just want to check...it is 2009, correct?
UL, come with us into the 21st century.
- Kathy, Hooksett
HUH? You want Pres. Obama to criticize Bristol Palin?
And you are glad that gay couples are raising children in two parent families?
Did I wake up in a parallel universe this morning?
- Eileen, Hooksett
First I'd like to address that simply because a child is born to unmarried parents, that alone does not mean the child is living in a single parent home. Both parents may be involved in the child's life, living in the home, and simply do not have a piece of paper (marriage certificate).
Secondly, not all children born to unmarried parents, have parents who remain unmarried. They may choose to marry at a later date.
Third, the author of the letter seems to indicate that children born to unmarried children also live in poverty.
Fourth, my own example demonstrates this. I gave birth to my daughter, while unmarried. We (myself and her father) remained together. We married when she was three years old. We have been together since 1992, married since 1997. Addressing the issue that children born to unmarried parents are less financially secure. I at no point ever lived on the "system." Never used Section 8 housing, food stamps, or any other service offered by the state. I've been a full-time stay at home mom for many years. Our financial situation is very secure, even having filed taxes recently for earnings of $120,000.
Please, don't be so quick to judge that simply because a child is born out of wedlock, that this automatically means the child is in a single parent, poverty ridden home.
- Lynne, NH native
If the UL is not suggesting that we give much more support to single mothers then this is a very good argument for family planning, birth control, sex education in public schools, and early termination of pregnancies.
This is all good, but ironically I think in fact what the Union Leader is aiming at is just having people who are unhappy living with each other get married anyway. Not a very progressive solution.
And about Sarah Palin's daughter....
- Tom Labrie, Rochester
This rag is advocating to "arrest cultural decay" in this article, yet they also have said in the past that Americans should not feel it necessary to learn foreign languages. I guess your game is to advocate culture when it's convenient to your political philosophies?
- DM, Hampton
The breakdown of the family, which is the basic unit if society, brought about the fall of the Roman Empire. It will bring down this country too. We are following the same path as the Roman Empire with the decay of moral standards, the growing lack of respect for the rights and property of others, an entitlement mentality, and corruption among government and business.
- Brian, Farmington
For forty years, the US government has showcased its pity for single-parent families with programs that increase the monetary value of being in one. The welfare state has wrecked the black family in the inner cities, and the President is four-square in support of the welfare state--His stimulus package essentially repealed Clinton's welfare "reform." Obama would now tell young couples to marry rather than take the free money? That would be like holding a White House workshop on fiscal responsibility the Monday after a historic spending orgy.
- Spike, Brentwood NH
Yeah, that's what we need. More people rushing into marriage at a time when at least half of unions end in divorce. Fantastic idea.
Obama's a great speaker and all, but his words are not powerful enough to increase the odds of two people getting along with each other for the rest of their lives. The only people who will benefit from more marriages now are divorce lawyers.
- Michael, Derry
Unmarried does not automatically mean single parent. The President has enough on his plate, he does not need the responsibility of picking up the slack of religion that is not connecting with child bearing aged people like it used to.
- Jim Wilson, Manchester
"[Berkshire] County teen births up 20 percent"
By Tony Dobrowolski, Berkshire Eagle Staff, Sunday, November 29, 2009
PITTSFIELD -- The likelihood of teenage girls in Berkshire County giving birth has increased by 20 percent over the last decade, while it dropped 21 percent in the rest of the state over the same time span.
That is one of the findings included in a fiscal 2010 Community Impact baseline report, which was commissioned by the Berkshire United Way and completed by the Berkshire Regional Planning Commission. The figures are based on the latest state numbers for each issue, some of them dating back to 2007, said Berkshire United Way President and CEO Kristine Hazzard.
The teen pregnancy figures in the report are for girls between the ages of 15 and 19, and were obtained from Berkshire County's teen birth rate statistics between 1998 and 2007.
Teen pregnancy has been an ongoing issue in Berkshire County for several years. The problem in Pittsfield was well documented in "Growing Up Fast," a book and short documentary film by Joanna Lipper that were released in 2003.
Hazzard, a Connecticut native who became the Berkshire United Way's executive director in July 2008, said she was aware of the teen pregnancy problem, but was surprised the numbers were so high.
"We definitely plan on informing the community about it," she said. "We want to begin to mobilize the community and work together to see if we can lower it dramatically."
The Berkshire United Way has compiled reports before, Hazzard said, but they mostly contained reports from community leaders, and never included accountability factors.
She said this report will help the United Way identify community problems, and prioritize them with the goal of achieving "results-driven accountability," Hazzard said.
"We are going to do this every year," she added.
The Berkshire United Way spent the past two years engaging hundreds of people in the community in this project. The data focuses mostly on education and employment, the priority areas that were identified by the community.
"The report is really designed to be a baseline measure for a lot of issues or things that are going on in Berkshire County," said Marsha Parnell, the Berkshire United Way's coordinator of marketing and communications. "We've been working for the last couple of years on the community impact model, defining issues, what we call priorities, with the community."
"We're focused on these areas," Parnell said. "We're trying to come up with meaningful and measurable results in these areas. And we really want to attack the root causes."
Not all of the findings are bad.
The report found that high school students in Berkshire County perform on par with their peers in the state on the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System's English test, and they fair better in science, but fall behind in math.
The county's full-day kindergarten enrollment for the 2008-2009 school year was between 95 and 100 percent, far above the state average of 75 percent. Student attendance in the 2007-2008 academic year was close to the state average of 94.6 percent, while four-year graduation rates held steady with state levels.
However, the report also found that 800 children were waiting for a subsidized care slot for early childhood education, and that 30.4 percent of the county's children under the age of 5 were twice as likely to be living in poverty in 2007, which was double the state average of 15.4 percent for that year.
The work on the findings included in the Community Impact Report have already begun. More than 100 leaders from the business and nonprofit community recently joined community leaders in Pittsfield on Nov. 12 to discuss the findings.
That meeting included reports from three impact teams that have been formed to address early childhood education, Kindergarten through 12th grade youth development, and adult learning and careers.
To reach Tony Dobrowolski: email@example.com, or (413) 496-6224.
"Persistent issue of teen pregnancy"
The Berkshire Eagle, Editorials, December 2, 2009
The issue of high teen pregnancy numbers in Berkshire County is hardly a new one, but the statistics revealing that the likelihood of teenage girls in the county becoming pregnant has increased by 20 percent over the last decade while it has dropped 21 percent over the rest of the state are distressing. Berkshire County is different from the rest of the state in many ways, but the disparity in these numbers defies easy explanation.
The findings included in a report by the Berkshire United Way and the Berkshire Regional Planning Commission are for girls between the ages of 15 and 19 and are based on statistics between 1999 and 2007. Several county and state agencies have addressed this issue but it is a complex socio-economic one that comes down to a degree to personal responsibility.
Teen pregnancy statistics were so startling in Pittsfield that it was the inspiration of the 2003 book and documentary film "Growing Up Fast" by Joanna Lipper. She found that many teens believed that having babies would boost self-esteem and give meaning to their lives, when in reality it more than likely results in an end to secondary education and a lifetime of poverty. Disturbingly, several years later, it appears that nothing has changed.
Community groups and social service agencies can only do so much to address this persistent problem. Parents of teens must do their part, and ultimately, teenagers, boys and girls, have to be realistic and responsible about their behavior and its long-term ramifications.
"Teen moms under study: The local teen pregnancy rate has risen dramatically while the rest of the state sees a decline in the numbers."
By Tony Dobrowolski, Berkshire Eagle Staff, 1/15/2010
PITTSFIELD - The executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy will be in Pittsfield on Jan. 26 to meet with local officials who are trying to determine why the teen pregnancy rate keeps growing in Berkshire County while it declines in the rest of the state.
The likelihood of teen girls giving birth in Berkshire County increased 20.5 percent between 1998 and 2007, while it steadily decreased by 21.7 percent in the rest of the state, according to state Department of Public Health statistics that were cited by the Berkshire United Way in a fiscal 2010 community baseline report released in November. The 2008 statistics will be released next month.
The meeting with Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy Executive Director Patricia Quinn will help local officials identify issues that will help them work on lowering the county's teen birth rate, Berkshire United Way President & CEO Kristine Hazzard said. The meeting is private, but strategies discussed in that session will be brought forward in a public meeting that Hazzard said the Berkshire United Way will probably host at the end of February.
"At that point, it will be time to engage a lot of people," Hazzard said.
Those involved with teen pregnancy issues in Berkshire County cite the lack of stable home environments and career aspirations among teenage girls, substance abuse issues that lead to risky sexual behaviors, and inadequate health education programs in local schools as reasons for the persistent increase.
Hazzard said the rise in the local teen birth rate is perplexing because Massachusetts ranks third highest among the 50 states in the prevention of teen pregnancy. "I truly believe that it's a variety of issues," Hazzard said. "I think young girls don't have aspirations, and they don't see a life beyond high school, or a career path."
In 2003, author Joanna Lipper published a book and released a documentary film about teen pregnancy in Pittsfield titled, "Growing Up Fast," which followed the lives of six teen mothers that she first met in 1999. According to Hazzard, social service workers in the community have said problems with teen pregnancy in the Berkshires go back 30 years.
Jodi Drury, a community service learning coordinator for the Berkshire County Chapter of the American Red Cross, said teen pregnancy has been an issue in the county for so long that it's become acceptable.
"I'd like to see a loud voice say that it's not acceptable," she said. Dorothy Mack, the director of Pittsfield's Teen Parent Program, said she believes the county statistics are skewed because they include one major city and several small towns. She said a lack of access to information and materials about teen pregnancy, combined with a lack of awareness about the outcomes, have all contributed to an increase in the local rate.
Lani Moore, the executive director of the Railroad Street Youth Project in Great Barrington, said the teen pregnancy rate may be higher than the teen birth rate because the state only includes births in its statistics, not pregnancies that don't go to term.
According to Moore, DPH's teen birth statistics also fail to include towns where there are five or fewer teen births because the numbers are so small.
Opportunities to learn more about teen pregnancy through education programs in local schools are lacking in South County, according to Moore. She said ninth- and 10th-graders at Mount Everett Regional School in Sheffield receive some health education, but students at Monument Mountain Regional High School in Great Barrington receive none at all.
In the Pittsfield public schools, funding for teen prevention programs was cut this year after it was slashed in half last year by state budget cuts, said Jennifer Stokes, a school adjustment counselor.
"Poverty levels holding steady in county"
By Tony Dobrowolski, New England Newspapers (Berkshire Eagle & N.A. Transcript), September 29, 2010
PITTSFIELD -- The number of Berkshire County residents living in poverty held steady at 13 percent in 2009 compared with the prior year, but it remains three percentage points higher than the state’s average, according to U.S. Census Bureau statistics released Tuesday.
The year-to-year data are contained in the American Community Survey, which complements, but is different from, the federal census, which is conducted every 10 years.
Compiled annually, the American Community Survey estimates key social, economic and housing characteristics, which are then used for planning and decision-making at the state and federal levels. The first set of 2010 U.S. Census data, including the country’s population and congressional apportionment figures, will be released at the end of the year.
The 13 percent of Berkshire County’s residents in poverty equates to approximately 16,700. There were an estimated 129,000 residents living in Berkshire County in 2009.
The 2009 federal poverty level is defined as $10,830 for one person; $14,570 for a family of two; and $18,310 for a family of three. The median household income level in the Berkshires -- the equal number below and above -- was $42,635.
Kristine Hazzard, the president and CEO of the Berkshire United Way in Pittsfield, said she hadn’t analyzed the data Tuesday. But she said a baseline report released by the United Way last November determined that 50 percent of babies born in Berkshire County were born to people who live on public assistance.
"So I can’t say that I’m incredibly surprised," she said. "A year ago, 24.5 percent of young children under 5 were living in poverty, and the current rate is 34.5 percent. It’s the families who are already living in poverty that are having children who are driving that."
Hazzard said she would hope the poverty data "mobilizes people."
"It’s a call to action for people to have good jobs to figure out what we can do to help those who need help," she said.
Al Bashevkin, the director of the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition in North Adams, also wasn’t surprised by the 2009 numbers.
"We know that there is poverty in Berkshire County, just from our work," he said. "People are requesting food stamps and assistance. The numbers are going up."
The county statistics also show:
. 19 percent of Berkshire County’s children under 18 lived below the federal poverty level in 2009. (Statewide average: 10 percent.)
. 29 percent of Berkshire families in poverty are headed by females with no male in the household. (Statewide average: 23 percent.)
. 8 percent of seniors citizens over 65 live below the poverty level. (Statewide average: 9 percent.)
Nationally, 31 states saw increases in both the number and percentage of people living in poverty between 2008 and 2009. No state had a statistically significant decline in either the number of people living in poverty or the poverty rate.
Melany Dobson from the Railroad Street Youth Project listens Wednesday during a community conversation about teenage pregnancy held at Taconic High School. Teenage pregnancy rates in Pittsfield are more than double the state rate. (Caroline Bonnivier Snyder / Berkshire Eagle Staff)
"[Berkshire] County teen births remain high"
By Amanda Korman, Berkshire Eagle Staff, April 28, 2011
PITTSFIELD -- Teen pregnancy in the Berkshires is a problem that has not improved on its own. But new information and ideas gleaned from a recent county data collection form a road map for how to steer the number of teen births downward, local leaders said at a community meeting Wednesday night.
More than 100 advocates, teens and concerned citizens gathered in the Taconic High School cafeteria to respond and add to the new information gathered by the Berkshire County Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative.
Attendees spelled out the importance of caring adults, better sex education and youth empowerment to prevent teen pregnancy. According to statistics, females most cite pregnancy as their reason for dropping out of high school -- and infants born to teen moms are more likely to grow up in poverty.
"We have been dealing with these issues for a long time," said Kristine Hazzard, president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, which hosted the event. "We're Band-Aiding them. They're not getting better."
In January and February, the Berkshire County Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative conducted surveys and focus groups of 800 youths and adults in the county to begin to gauge why rates of teen births in the Berkshires are so "astronomical," as Hazzard said -- in 2008, there were 27 births for every 1,000 teens in the county and 47 for every 1,000 teens in Pittsfield.
Consuela Greene of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy presented the Berkshire County survey findings, which include the fact that children need parents and adults they can feel comfortable talking to about sex.
"Not just the one talk," Greene said. "It needs to be an ongoing conversation."
Those present at the meeting reiterated the significance of this point. Two Bard College at Simon's Rock students, who now teach sex education at Monument Mountain Regional High School, both described how adults in their lives had given them little to help figure out sexuality.
"A lot of the education we get is not sufficient for us to make mature decisions," said Alec Ansusinha, 17, who attended Catholic school before coming to Simon's Rock.
Michelle Gonzalez, 19, said that she, too, hadn't gotten much of a sex education beyond, as she put it, "a funny little talk in the car with my mom."
Besides a lack of good communication with adults, teens need better access to information and contraceptives, Green said.
She also pointed out that they need less idle time.
"What we heard from young people is that boredom puts them at risk," Greene said.
Tackling the perceived lack of meaningful activity in teens' lives opened up the larger question of how to help youth as a whole grow up well, no matter their situation, through employment and better youth programming.
Patricia Quinn, executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy, emphasized that preventing teen pregnancy was just as important as supporting those teens who were already parenting.
"The [negative] outcomes that we are looking at are by no means inevitable for young parents," Quinn said. "We really believe in the potential of all young people, parenting or not."
To reach Amanda Korman: firstname.lastname@example.org (413) 496-6243
"As Massachusetts teen birth rates decline, the Berkshires are poised to combat rising teen pregnancy trends"
Patrick Donges (2011-07-27) - WAMC
PITTSFIELD, MASS. - A report by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health released this week titled "Massachusetts Births 2009" gives the latest data on births across the state, including updated teen pregnancy rates.
The state's teen birth rate did not change from 2008 to 2009, remaining at about 20 births per 1,000 women ages 15-19. The rate has seen an 11 percent drop since 2007, but of the communities with the highest teen birth rates in the state, four of the top ten are west of Worcester.
Holyoke ranked first on the list with 146 teen births in 2009, that's a pregnancy for almost 97 out of every 1,000 teens.
Springfield came in fourth with, 438 births, more than Holyoke but only 72 per 1,000 teens, and Pittsfield placed eighth with 70 births, about 55 per 1,000. North Adams just missed the top ten, coming in at eleventh with 29 births, just over 51 per 1,000 teens.
On a longer timeline, while the state's overall teen pregnancy rate has decreased 30 percent since 1996, Pittsfield's teen pregnancy rate has increased over 40 percent and North Adams' rate has increased 28 percent in the same period.
Patricia Quinn, executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy, said communities need to focus on three things to bring teen pregnancy rates down; comprehensive sexual education, access to contraceptives
"And third is motivation"
Over the past year, the Berkshire United Way has been working with the alliance towards the development of an action plan to address teen pregnancy in the county.
Kris Hazzard, president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, said the county needs improvement in all three areas mentioned by Quinn.
"Comprehensive K-12 health education, access to healthcare and kids believing they have a future."
Hazzard said online surveys of about 900 county residents and response to a community meeting attended by over 100 residents indicates the county is ready for change.
Another staggering statistic cited in the state report is a large disparity in the race of teen parents. The state birth rate for Latino teens was 63 per 1,000 women, over five times that of white teens at 11.5 per 1,000.
Gwendolyn Hampton Van-Sant, executive director of Housatonic-based Multicultural BRIDGE, said that teen pregnancy in Berkshire County is a problem that transcends racial lines, recalling the recent reaction of the facilitator of a discussion during the organization's summer youth program when an 8-year-old white girl answered a question about her dream for the future like this.
"My mom said I have to wait until I'm 16 1/2 and then I can have my kid "
Hazzard said the Berkshire United Way's action plan to address teen pregnancy is slated to be finished in the coming months, and that more community meetings are likely to be scheduled for the early fall.
"Teen births in Pittsfield still high"
By Amanda Korman, Berkshire Eagle Staff, August 3, 2011
PITTSFIELD -- Pittsfield’s teen birth rate continued to rise, and its rates of women who smoked during pregnancy and who lacked adequate prenatal care were among the worst in the state at the end of the last decade, according to a report that paints an unsettling picture of expectant mothers here.
Kristine Hazzard, the CEO of the Berkshire United Way, called the data from the state Department of Public Health "depressing."
The DPH report, released last Monday, tracked changes in birth rates and infant health between 2008 and 2009, the most recent state data available.
Since 2009, Hazzard and the United Way have been working on the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative, a mix of personal, educational and community goals aimed at lowering the local teen birth rate by 10 percent by 2016.
Pittsfield’s teen birth rate, which measures the number of births per thousand women ages 15 to 19, rose from 47.2 to 55.1 between 2008 and 2009, the state’s eighth highest. In North Adams, the hike was even sharper, from 28.3 to 51.3; it ranked No. 11 statewide.
"Not only is it a problem in terms of the numbers, but the culture of those numbers in terms of people thinking this is an accepted reality," Hazzard said. "Because then it feeds on itself, it just keeps getting worse, it becomes the state of things, and that’s frightening."
The teen birth rate statewide fell from 20.1 to 19.5 in that time frame. Massachusetts teen births among Hispanics decreased by 5 percent, but are still 5.5 times that of whites.
Teen birth is tied to poor outcomes for both mothers and babies in terms of health, education and employment.
The report also illustrated Pittsfield’s poor showing in a number of factors associated with infant health. Among the state’s 30 largest cities, Pittsfield notched the highest percentage of women who reported smoking during pregnancy -- 23.2 percent compared to a state average of 6.8 percent.
Pittsfield’s rate in this category has been consistently high over the years, according to Carol McMahon, director of tobacco treatment services at Berkshire Medical Center, although North Adams’ is always higher.
"People smoke to help themselves cope, and if you’re pregnant and unemployed or underemployed, smoking might be something that one would turn to, regardless of the expense," McMahon said. "It’s a very tough population. My impression is that if women don’t stop smoking in the first trimester, then it’s almost impossible for them to quit before delivery."
Smoking during pregnancy is associated with premature birth, low birth weight, higher rates of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and respiratory problems.
Mary Feuer, assistant director of the Women, Infants and Children program at Community Health Programs in Great Barrington, said she frequently sees women who successfully kick the habit during pregnancy but then pick it back up again after delivery.
Among the 30 largest cities in the state, Pittsfield also had the lowest proportion of pregnant women who received adequate prenatal care -- 67.8 percent.
Prenatal health issues are tied up in the wider problem of poverty, Hazzard pointed out. The report showed that an increasing number of women in Pittsfield funded their prenatal care through public programs like MassHealth.
"It’s the whole issue of poverty," Hazzard said, "and our poverty rate is rising, so these health concerns unfortunately go hand in hand."
Hazzard said she hopes the data will be a call to action.
"I hope it creates for people a sense of urgency," she said. "This sure as heck really needs to get people engaged in the work to determine how we turn this thing around."
To reach Amanda Korman: email@example.com, or (413) 496-6243.
New data from the state Department of Public Health reveal changes in birth statistics in Pittsfield between 2008 and 2009:
The teen birth rate, which measures the number of births per thousand women ages 15 to 19, went up from 47.2 in 2008 to 55.1 in 2009. Pittsfield has the eighth-highest teen birth rate in the state. (North Adams is No. 11, with a rate of 51.3) Holyoke is No. 1 at 96.8.
The percentage of women using public sources for prenatal care payments rose from 55.5 to 60 percent.
The proportion of births to mothers who were not married during delivery rose in Pittsfield from 52 to 58.4 percent.
23.2 percent of women in Pittsfield reported smoking while pregnant in 2009.
Only 67.8 percent of women in Pittsfield received adequate prenatal care in 2009.
-- Mass. Department of Public Health
"Culture of teen births"
The Berkshire Eagle, Editorial, August 3, 2011
High teen birth rates in Pittsfield and North Adams continue to be an intractable problem, one that is tough on teens, their children and their communities. Teenage pregnancy is so ingrained in both of the Berkshires' two cities that it has defied solution, but the process of finding one must continue.
The teen birth rate has declined slightly in Massachusetts but has increased dramatically in Pittsfield and North Adams, which rank eighth and 11th respectively in the state (the data is from 2009 but there is no reason to believe the numbers have gotten any better since). To add to the disturbing news, among the state's 30 largest cities Pittsfield ranks first in the percentage of women who reported smoking during pregnancy at 23.2 percent, which compares to the state average of 6.8 percent.
The statistics are cruel, state and nationwide, when it comes to teen mothers and their futures. Their dropout rates from high school are alarming, which deprives them of good employment opportunities and consigns many to life-long poverty. While teen fathers share responsibility, statistically they don't share these bleak futures. The children of teen moms are deprived educationally and economically, and the vicious cycle continues.
Smoking is terrible health-wise, and when women smoke while they are pregnant they are setting themselves and their infants up for health problems, such as premature birth, low birth weight, respiratory problems and increased rates of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. It's also an extremely expensive habit for young women with economic woes to begin with, and as a coping mechanism, smoking while pregnant is not worth the price economically or in terms of health.
In today's story by Amanda Korman on the high teen birth rates, Kristine Hazzard, the CEO of Berkshire United Way, observes that the problem is difficult to address because too many regard it as an "accepted reality." If teen pregnancy becomes an accepted part of the culture, which it has in the two Berkshire cities, there is no incentive to change it in spite of the undeniable truth that it leaves teen mothers and their children with little hope of a bright future. This acceptance of the unacceptable is as frightening or more frightening than the numbers themselves.
Berkshire County is not lacking in programs, the United Way's Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative and the Women, Infants and Children effort at Community Health Programs in Great Barrington among them, to help teen mothers, but they cannot succeed on their own. Potential teen mothers and fathers are ultimately responsible for their behavior, and with guidance from parents and family members, they have to break the cycle.
"Berkshire United Way kicks off teen pregnancy prevention campaign today"
By John Sakata, Berkshire Eagle, March 13, 2013
PITTSFIELD -- In the coming months, the grim statistics surrounding Berkshire County’s rising teen pregnancy rate will be visible to the public on billboards, buses, posters and other marketing materials as part of a countywide initiative to reduce teenage pregnancy.
As the state’s teen pregnancy rate dropped 31 percent from 1996-2009, the Berkshire County rate increased 18 percent, according to statistics from the state Department of Public Health.
The Berkshire United Way, in collaboration with other community partners, will launch a new teen pregnancy prevention initiative at 9:30 a.m. Thursday at Berkshire Medical Center’s Bishop Clapp building. Members of the public are invited.
Titled "Face the Facts -- Reduce Teen Pregnancy," the initiative aims to reduce teen births in the county 10 percent by 2016.
"While people may be aware that teen pregnancy is a problem in the Berkshires, the launch of this campaign will help illustrate the scope and impact of the issue," said Kristine Hazzard, the president and CEO of the Berkshire United Way.
Hazzard and Heather Williamson, the executive director of the Helen Berube Teen Parent program, will speak at Thursday’s event along with a parent from the community.
The program is being organized in coordination with health and human service providers, physicians, educators, and business and community leaders.
According to the latest statistics available from the Department of Public Health, Berkshire County’s teen birth rate in 2009 was 27.2 births per 1,000 for teen women ages 15 to 19. The state rate was 19.5 per 1,000.
Hazzard said Pittsfield’s teen birth rate for individuals between the ages of 15 and 19 is the same as the state of Mississippi, which had the country’s highest teenage pregnancy rate in 2010.
Limited opportunities in the Berkshires increase teen pregnancy rates because they dim future prospects for the county’s youngsters, Hazzard said.
A 2013 study from the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy showed that urban and suburban areas had a teenage pregnancy rate significantly above rural areas, Hazzard said.
The Face the Facts campaign will include a marketing component and outreach to parents through community events and work at public schools. There will be outreach to parents and an effort to "deglamorize teenage pregnancy."
Hazzard said youth programs that receive funding from the Berkshire United Way would need to incorporate a sex education component using evidence-based programs suggested by United Way.
The Berkshire United Way is spending $25,000 to launch the campaign this year.
"Berkshire United Way launches effort to reduce teen pregnancy"
By John Sakata, Berkshire Eagle, March 15, 2013
PITTSFIELD -- The president and CEO of the Berkshire United Way has outlined a plan to decrease the county's high teenage pregnancy rate at least 10 percent by 2016.
Thursday morning before a crowd of Berkshire County stakeholders, Kristine Hazzard said the plan will educate parents, raise awareness about the high rate of teenage pregnancy, and use resources to leverage cooperation.
"Face the Facts -- Reduce Teen Pregnancy" is the initiative being organized with health and human service providers, doctors, teachers and business and community leaders.
Hazzard said the 10 percent reduction in the teen pregnancy rate is possible, a goal backed by measures of public health issue changes by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Warnings about the county's teenage pregnancy rate have been raised for years, but statistics from the state Department of Public Health show the rate continues to climb, while the rest of the state's hasn't.
According to the DPH, the state's teen pregnancy rate dropped 31 percent from 1996 to 2009, but Berkshire County's increased 18 percent.
In Pittsfield, the teen pregnancy rate is at the second highest rate since 1996, at 55.1 percent. Pittsfield's teenage pregnancy rate is eighth highest in the state, according to Hazzard.
Hazzard said the problem is rooted in a lack of "hope, dreams, and aspirations" among young adults. She called on communities to pay attention to opportunities for young adults.
State Reps. Tricia Farley-Bouvier and William "Smitty" Pignatelli, nonprofit leaders and others also joined the gathering at Berkshire Medical Center's Bishop Clapp building.
Recalling a conversation with her 15-year-old daughter, Farley-Bouvier said her daughter has already heard about sexual activity at school.
"It's happening a lot younger these days," Farley-Bouvier said.
Raised in a Catholic family, Farley-Bouvier said it's against natural instincts to discuss sex education with her daughters, but she knows better than not to do so.
"I have to constantly tell myself to get over it," Farley-Bouvier said.
The campaign has already started in earnest with two billboards in Pittsfield. A billboard is expected in Great Barrington later this month.
The Berkshire United Way, which supports 19 south and central Berkshire youth organizations, said requests for proposals funding made available every two years would be contingent on incorporating sexual health education components.
Program officer Kelley Marion, of the Gladys Allen Brigham Community Center, said almost half of the 3,000 people the center works with earn below $22,000 a year.
With parents consumed with work, there isn't always time to focus on children's long-term goals when the short-term is so precarious.
"The teen pregnancy rate is going higher, not lower," Marion said. "Everyone needs to take a stand. Not one school system. Not one agency. It's going to take a comprehensive collective approach to bring down that number."
NOTE: Smitty Pignatelli is part of the teen pregnancy statistics. He got his girlfriend pregnant when he was in high school many years ago. - Jonathan Melle
"Pittsfield's teen birth rate declines, but remains one of the highest in Massachusetts"
By Tony Dobrowolski, Berkshire Eagle, April 2, 2013
Kristine Hazzard, of Berkshire United Way, speaks during a community conversation on teen pregnancy held at Taconic High School on April 27, 2011. (Eagle file)
PITTSFIELD -- Pittsfield's teen birth rate, one of the highest per capita in the state in 2009, fell markedly in 2010 but remains among the highest in Massachusetts, according to figures released Monday by the state Department of Public Health.
The Pittsfield rate dropped 34 percent between 2009 and 2010, from 52.3 births per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 19 to 34.4. The number of actual births declined from 70 to 46. The 2010 data is the most recent available.
Though its numbers fell, Pittsfield still had the 11th highest teen birth rate among Massachusetts cities and towns in 2010, according to the report. Pittsfield was eighth in 2009.
Kristine Hazzard, the president and CEO of the Berkshire United Way, which has committed significant resources toward combating teen pregnancy in Berkshire County, said such data should be viewed cautiously. The city's teen birth rate fluctuates significantly from year to year, she said.
"Pittsfield has a long history of being up and down and up and down," Hazzard said. "I want us to feel good that it came down, but we need to stay on course with evidence-based programs and access to health care because the rate can pop right up again. We need to be in it for the long haul. It's still double the state rate. So we still have a major issue."
Statewide, the 2010 teen birth rate dropped to 17.1 per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19, the lowest recorded in the history of the study. It was a drop of more than 50 percent from the 35.9 per 1,000 registered in 1989. The state's current rate is now half the national rate of 34.3 teen births per 1,000.
Massachusetts' teen birth rate is now second-lowest among the 50 states, behind only New Hampshire.
"Credit goes first to the people of Massachusetts," said Patricia Quinn, the executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy. "Youth behavior shows that rates of sexual activity have not changed significantly, so it appears that much of the decline in teen birth rates can be attributed to youth effectively using contraception."
While the state's teen pregnancy rate declined 31.2 percent from 1996 to 2009, the overall Berkshire County rate jumped 18 percent and Pittsfield's increased by 41.3 percent in that time period.
Teen birth rates for the state's 13 counties are not listed in the figures that DPH released on Monday. But the 34 percent rate of decline in 2010 in Pittsfield was matched only by the city of Revere among the 25 municipalities with the state's highest teen birth rates in 2010.
DPH only keeps teen birth statistics for communities that have five or more each year.
Adams, Great Barrington and North Adams are the only other Berkshire communities included in the latest figures, Hazzard said.
Adams and Great Barrington each had five teen births, while North Adams had 17, down from 29 in 2009.
"That's a big drop," Hazzard said.
Other figures specific to Pittsfield include: 54.7 percent of the city's total births in 2010 were to women on public assistance, while 56.7 percent were to single mothers. Pittsfield's infant mortality rate of 11.8 per 1,000 live births was the highest among the state's 30 largest municipalities in 2010.
Link to the report: http://extras.mnginteractive.com/live/media/site106/2013/0402/20130402_091709_birth-report-2010.pdf
Link to the report: www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/research-epi/birth-report-2010.pdf
Our Opinion: "Progress on teen births"
BerkshireEagle.com - Editorial, April 3, 2013
The state's teenage birth rate has dropped to its lowest levels in 25 years according to statistics released on Monday, but while the rate has declined in Pittsfield it is the 11th highest in Massachusetts. This is an ongoing battle, one that social service agencies cannot win alone.
The state Department of Health report, based on statistics from 2010, found that the Massachusetts birth rate was 17.1 per 1,000 women aged between 15 and 19, which is the lowest rate in the history of the study. The state's teen birth rate is the second-lowest to New Hampshire of the 50 states and is half the national rate of 34.3 births per 1,000.
The Pittsfield birth rate dropped 34 percent between 2009 and 2010, from 52.3 births per 1,000 teenaged women to 34.4. For contrast, the highest rate in the state was Holyoke's -- an alarming 83.6 births per 1,000. Small urban communities tend to have the highest rates, and Pittsfield's improvement and lower numbers compared to Holyoke, Lawrence (second at 56.8) and Springfield (third at 54.3) suggests that a better economy in the city is reflected in the lower rate. Three other Berkshire communities were included in the study, as Adams and Great Barrington reported five teen births apiece in 2010 and North Adams experienced an encouraging drop to 17 births from 29 in 2009.
Studies indicate that teenage moms rarely complete their public school education or pursue higher education, putting them at a disadvantage economically.
Because so many are single parents, they put stress on the social safety net. Even with a loving single teen mother, their children will face many economic and educational disadvantages. It's in a community's interest to reduce the number of teen births, and the success reported is encouraging.
As teenage sexual activities don't change much over the years, one demonstrated way of reducing teen pregnancies is through the use of contraception. It is simply pragmatic to provide teens with education about and access to contraception, as that will result in fewer unwanted children and fewer children and teen moms facing huge societal obstacles. There are many Berkshire agencies working successfully to lower the number of teen births, but for this decline to continue, teenagers must take responsibility for their own behavior. That means caution and precautions.
"State teen pregancy rate hits 25-year low, Berkshires lags behind"
By Bob Salsberg, Associated Press, April 2, 2013
BOSTON -- The percentage of teens in Massachusetts having babies fell to its lowest point in at least 25 years and was part of an overall drop in the birthrate, according to the latest annual report from the state public health agency.
The study released Monday also showed a slight drop in infant mortality, fewer women smoking during pregnancy and an increased number of mothers who were breastfeeding.
The Massachusetts Birth Report was based on figures from 2010, the most recent year in which statistics were available.
Gov. Deval Patrick called the report "good news for Massachusetts families."
But while the state's overall numbers are looking positive, Berkshire County's have caused such concern that the Berkshire United Way launched, in March, a public awareness campaign and prevention initiative.
While the state's teen birth rate fell by 31 percent between 1996 and 2009, Berkshire County's increased by 18 percent, according to Berkshire United Way. Pittsfield's teen birth rate increased 41 percent, making it the eighth highest in the state, and North Adams ranks 11th highest.
And while the state statistics pointed to encouraging trends, they also made clear that wide racial and ethnic disparities persisted in many areas, including teen births, infant mortality and low birth weight.
Patricia Quinn, executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy, said it appeared that more sexually active teens were taking steps to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
"Youth behavior data shows that rates of sexual activity have not changed significantly, so it appears that much of the decline in teen birthrates can be attributed to youth effectively using contraception," said Quinn.
But minority teens were still far more likely to have babies. The birthrate among Hispanic teens, for example, was nearly five times that of white teens.
The state has promoted breastfeeding through a variety of programs and officials Monday expressed pride that a record 83 percent of new mothers were breastfeeding, a 1 percent increase from the previous year.
"Breastfeeding provides vitally important health benefits for infants, so we're delighted with these findings," Dr. Lauren Smith, interim commissioner of the public health agency, said in a statement.
The percentage of mothers who received an adequate level of prenatal care climbed slightly to 84.9 percent. About 36 percent of women received prenatal care through the state's Medicaid program or other public or free care programs in 2010, a number virtually unchanged from 2009.
* Overall, 2,000 fewer babies were born in Massachusetts in 2010, down 3 percent from the previous year and 21 percent from 1990. The trend toward women having babies later in life also continued, as 54 percent of mothers were 30 or older, compared with about 25 percent in 1980.
* The teen pregnancy rate was 17.1 births per 1,000 women ages 15-19, a 12 percent drop from the previous year, according to the report. The 2010 rate was the lowest recorded since the Department of Public Health began compiling the birth statistics in its current format in 1986.
* The teen birthrate peaked at 35.9 per 1,000 in 1989. The current rate is less than half that of the reported U.S. rate in 2010.
* The state's overall infant mortality rate dropped from 4.9 deaths per 1,000 live births to 4.4 deaths in 2010. The
mortality rate for black infants remained higher -- 8.2 deaths per 1,000 live births.
* The percentages of babies who were born preterm or with low birth weight showed little overall change, but black mothers continued to have a significantly greater chance of having preterm or low birth weight infants than white mothers.
* Unmarried women made up 34.6 percent of new mothers in Massachusetts, virtually unchanged from the last report. Here again there were wide ethnic and racial variations. Nearly two-thirds of Hispanic mothers and more than half of black mothers were unmarried at the time of birth.
* The percentage of women who reported smoking during pregnancy fell from 6.8 percent to 6.3 percent, the lowest figure recorded since the annual study began. Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with low birthrate and other health problems among children.
-- Associated Press
Our Opinion: "Realism on sex education"
The Berkshire Eagle, Editorial, May 25, 2013
Teen pregnancy has long been a serious problem in Pittsfield and Berkshire County, and while there have been improvements the teen birth rate is still much higher than the rest of the state. As the Pittsfield School Committee sets out to revamp the city's sex education program it has to be prepared to set aside politics, political correctness, timidity and squeamishness in favor of a realistic approach that may actually turn the tide.
Taconic students Jazmyn Thomas and Angela O'Neil delivered a refreshingly frank message to School Committee members at a recent discussion on the issue of teen pregnancy and sex education. Ms. O'Neil observed that while it is tough for parents and other adults to accept that youth are sexually active, "it is a reality of our generation," and while it is easy enough to come up with any number of reasons for this reality, nothing will change it. The focus has to be placed on prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies.
This means teens need related health information and the facts on forms of contraception. They must be told about abortion and Plan B pills, which while controversial, are legal. Urging abstinence is appropriate, but abstinence-only programs are so unrealistic as to be hazardous, as the organization Advocates for Youth points out. If or when abstinence fails, teens must know their options.
Statistically, teen parents are unlikely to pursue higher education and will suffer for it economically.
This puts their children at a disadvantage and sends them down the same path. The best response is a detailed, realistic sex education program in the schools that involves parents as well as the many capable social service groups in the city and Berkshires that can supply the funding, training and knowledge necessary to make it work.
"Berkshire coalition to curb teen pregnancy gets $60k grant"
By Dick Lindsay, Berkshire Eagle, 8/28/2014
PITTSFIELD -- The Berkshire United Way has secured a $60,000 grant to help further reduce the rate of teen pregnancy in Berkshire County.
Face the Facts, an initiative to reduce teen pregnancy, will receive the funding over the next three years from the Easthampton-based Women's Fund of Western Massachusetts.
In the first year, the local United Way plans to spend the money on training parents and those who work with children how to talk about sexual issues, educate teenage boys about preventing unwanted births and hire a college intern to coordinate youth-focused activities and outreach.
"We want the young adults to be a role model who can relate to teens," said agency President and CEO Kristine Hazzard. "We also want to get a message to young men that they are impacted by teen pregnancy."
Hazzard noted the intern will work closely with Karen Cole, whose role as the Berkshire United Way coordinator of youth development was expanded last year through federal grants to manage the Face the Facts coalition.
The funding is part of a total of $240,000 in Women's Fund grant commitments announced this week for Berkshire, Franklin, Hamden and Hampshire counties.
"We have incredible partnerships with our grantees," said Elizabeth Barajas-Roman, who joined the Women's Fund as its new CEO earlier this month. "By investing in these organizations, the Fund is deepening our impact and strengthening our reach.
In the first four years of the initiative, the countywide teen pregnancy has dropped 50 percent from 27.2 births per 1,000 females aged 15 - 19 to 12.9 births in 2012, according to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Statewide, the rate is 14 births per 1,000.
By 2020, the coalition hopes the 2012 figure can be reduced by another 50 percent.
The group of more than 60 concerned Berkshire citizens has had initial success by raising public awareness of teen pregnancy and holding community conversations about sexual health and youth pregnancy, according to Berkshire United Way officials.
The coalition also advocates for comprehensive sexual health education in schools and enhancing access to, and improving the quality of, reproductive health services.
"Pittsfield's teen birthrate drops"
By Phil Demers, Berkshire Eagle Staff, 9/20/2014
PITTSFIELD -- Eleven fewer city women between the ages of 15 and 19 gave birth to children in 2012 than in 2011 -- 34 versus 45 -- which constitutes a 24 percent drop in the city's teen birth rate.
Berkshire United Way expressed feelings of "cautious optimism" after the state Department of Public Health released the new figures last month.
The total number of teen births in Berkshire County in 2012 was 63, with 10 registered in North Adams and 19 more throughout the 30 other towns.
"This has been, and will continue to be, a collective approach by the community," Berkshire United Way President and CEO Kristine Hazzard said. "It looks great to have the numbers down, but 34 in little Pittsfield is still way too many."
The improvement continues a downward trend in the city's teen birth rate, from 52.3 births per 1,000 women in 2009 to 25.4, the 2012 rate. The total drop between 2009 and 2012 was 51 percent.
Hazzard said major efforts to stem teen pregnancies began in 2005, when multiple organizations along with Berkshire United Way began establishing programs that remain in place today, and the results continue to show.
She credited these "evidence-based programs," pursued by the schools, by local youth and health workers, sex educators, family counselors and others with contributing to the accomplishment.
But "we have to stay on top of this," Hazzard said, because the local figures follow "peaks and valleys" since 1996.
"We're headed in the right direction, but it could pop right back up without continued focus on the strategies that got us to this point," Hazzard said.
Improvements aside, Pittsfield's rate remained among the highest in the state in 2012, ranked at No. 13, in part because Massachusetts' teen birth figures mirror those of the city, showing a continual down trend through recent years.
Pittsfield's rate did drop relative to other cities and towns, though, as it ranked eighth highest in the state in 2009.
The state rate in 2012 was pinpointed at 14 births per 1,000 women, the lowest since collection of such figures began, down from 15.4 and 17.1 in 2011 and 2012. Only New Hampshire logged a lower teen birth rate in 2012, and New Mexico, with 47.5 births per 1,000 teenage girls, was highest in the nation.
By comparison, the state registered 35.9 births per 1,000 women in 1989.
"The data on youth behavior shows that rates of sexual activity really haven't changed significantly, so we believe that the decline can be attributed to increased youth access to shame-free, medically accurate, comprehensive sexuality education and contraception," said Brenda Madura, the executive director of Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy.
A total of 3,254 teenage girls gave birth to children in Massachusetts in 2012.
Even in cities where the rate was highest and has been for years, like Holyoke, Southbridge, Lawrence, Chelsea and Springfield, improvements over the decade have been marked, the data show.
"We really believe that when communities are mobilized to provide teens with what they need to prevent pregnancies, teen birth rates go down," Madura said.
Racial disparities stick out in statewide figures, with black, Hispanic and American Indian teenage girls showing higher likelihood's of giving birth than their white counterparts.
Kristine Hazzard: “Coalition helps reduce teen pregnancy in Berkshire County”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, May 5, 2015
Berkshire United Way will be joining thousands of other groups nationwide today in participating in the National Day to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
The national day helps teens prevent teen pregnancy by gaining access to reproductive health care, participating in sex education in their schools, and most importantly by having honest conversations with their parents about relationships and sex.
Berkshire United Way is co-hosting an event with Northern Berkshire United Way a free screening of the documentary "Let's Talk About Sex" at the North Adams Movieplex at 6:30 p.m. This film challenges the American perception about sexuality, and will be followed by a panel discussion with local teens and community leaders on what we can do in the Berkshires to ensure youth make healthy decisions.
WORK ISN'T FINISHED
The Face the Facts coalition and our community have made great strides over the last few years in addressing this serious issue; data from the Department of Public Health indicates that from 2009-12, there was a 50 percent reduction in the teen birth rate in Berkshire County. However, the 2013 data shows a slight increase in our teen birth rate, mainly in Pittsfield and North Adams, a reminder that our work isn't finished and a reaffirmation of all of the things that still need to be done to reduce the county's teen birth rate.
One strategy involves supporting parents to be their child's primary sexuality educator. Berkshire United Way provided funding for 25 local community partners who will participate in curriculum training called "Let's Be Honest," which was developed by the Planned Parenthood League of MA.
This eight-session program includes helping parents/caregivers understand the importance of talking to their teens early and often about relationships and sexuality. More than 264 parents throughout Berkshire County have participated in these trainings and 90 percent of these parents reported they learned new strategies and ideas on how to talk to their kids about sex and how to support them.
"I can use the information on self-esteem and confidence building with my grandchildren," one grandmother said following the training. "I wish one of my granddaughters could have attended a program like this when she was young."
Community partners also distributed 173 copies of the book "It's Perfectly Normal." The book provides accurate, up-to-date information about sexuality and gives young people the tools they need to make responsible decisions to stay healthy.
Engaging parents and caregivers in this work can be challenging. Parents are busy and we all know it's a hard topic. Berkshire United Way recognized this, so we decided to meet parents where they are by offering the trainings at various worksites. We're excited to have recently offered a session at General Dynamics where, during their lunch break (we even provide the food!), parents learned how to talk to their kids about sex. We had a dozen parents at our first training and we're thrilled to start planning more of these pop-up trainings in workplaces across the county.
Supporting parents is just one way Berkshire United Way is trying to prevent teen pregnancies; we're also meeting with school committees to help them offer evidenced based, comprehensive sex education to all our kids. We're also helping to expand awareness of and access to Tapestry Health so more young people understand their reproductive health care options and how to prevent pregnancy.
You can get engaged too — we're looking for more community members to join the Face the Facts coalition and parents to consider hosting a series of "Let's Be Honest" workshops in their homes or community. You can learn more on our website, www.facethefactsberkshires.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard: “Smart investments yield results for Berkshire community”
The Berkshire Eagle, Op-Ed, By Kristine Hazzard, August 4, 2015
Berkshire United Way brings people and organizations together who have the passion, expertise and resources needed to get things done — which helps advance the common good by creating opportunities for a better life for all.
In May we held a series of focus groups in Great Barrington and Pittsfield with some of our donors to ask them why they give to Berkshire United Way and what they see as their return on investment for their donation. Our donors let us know that they trust Berkshire United Way to make sound investments in the community to help build strong, competent families and address community priorities.
Focus group participants also indicated that they felt Berkshire United Way has done the research necessary to ensure that community investments were geared toward evidenced-based programs and practices, meaning they were proven to be effective.
They were no longer just donors giving to a charity, but investors engaged in addressing priority community issues and that accountability is in place to make them feel secure that their philanthropy was going to be most effective and create sustainable change.
Berkshire United Way has a 90 year history of being an integrated part of this community. Getting to a place where donors feel confident that Berkshire United Way is making smart investments into community change was a road we started on nearly a decade ago when we worked with the community and considered our local data indicators to identify what our systemic issues were.
This research highlighted several areas of concern, including low reading proficiency rates for third-graders in Berkshire County, high rates of teen births, and youth alcohol and drug use, and a growing number of families who were financially unstable.
We had to increase community awareness of the problems we were facing and mobilize a collective response. We have encouraged cross-sector collaboration and working differently to address these problems. We developed shared goals, program outcomes and accountability for our donors' investments while also bringing diverse groups of people together to ensure services were aligned.
With Berkshire United Way's leadership, disparate organizations and activities that were independently trying to improve the quality of life in the Berkshires began working together toward the same, bold goals.
The next step was developing a shared agenda for action, including coordinating efforts across the county and consulting local, regional, state and federal experts to ensure we had the research, expertise and understanding of what has worked in other communities. Today, collectively, we are gaining momentum to ensure more third-graders read proficiently, our teens make healthy decisions and more families have access to job training, housing and financial resources.
We know that we can't do this alone — imagine how much better off a family could be if their employer, health care provider, teacher, city council member, after-school program coordinator, camp counselor, day care provider, and faith-based leader were all working together to help them succeed, while community members advocated on their behalf to get them the tools and resources needed to thrive.
And now imagine that every family in Berkshire County has the same level of support and access to resources — with the entire community building each other up so that everyone has a better life. In this scenario, all Berkshire County residents would be self-sufficient, active, engaged and proud of their community, which is Berkshire United Way's vision for our future.
It's a long-term vision – but we've seen some positive results thus far, and know we have a lot more to do. You can always help be a part of the change. You can give, advocate or volunteer by connecting with us on Facebook or by going to berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: "Looking back at a year of progress"
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, December 1, 2015
As we approach a new year loaded with exciting opportunities, it's rewarding to look back on 2015 and see how much progress was made within our key focus areas of early childhood literacy, positive youth development, and financial stability.
Berkshire United Way has been able to reach a significant number of lives across Berkshire County, impacting 20,527 individuals through our investments in funded partner programs and mobilizing an additional 8,868 people through the coalitions that we lead, guiding the community down the path toward sustainable change and a better future for us all.
During the past year, we have retooled the structure of our staff to better serve the community's growing needs. This has meant team members shifting to new, expanded roles and an expansion of leadership in Southern Berkshire County with the launch of Chapter One: Our Towns, Our Kids, Our Future, a coalition dedicated to closing the achievement gap by making early childhood literacy a shared priority in South County.
To lead this effort we have brought on a staff person, our South County community liaison, to help mobilize leaders in the area and implement strategies developed specifically for the region. All of this has been done with the express purpose of making an efficient, effective organization that continues to build on the trust we've earned from Berkshire County residents for nearly a century.
I want to call out just a few of the great accomplishments from this year: our funded partners were able to reach 2,409 parents and caregivers through special events, parent workshops and trainings. A total of 1,492 pounds of leftover prescription drugs were collected at Rx roundups countywide.
There were 76 individuals from 36 local businesses certified in Training for Intervention Procedures (TIPS) for the responsible service, sale, and consumption of alcohol. We held a series of Employer Community Conversations attended by 42 Berkshire County employers to discuss how they can help their employees develop a better, more stable life.
There were 1,925 individuals that received services from our financial stability service providers, who, working together, made sure consumers knew of all the services they were eligible for, including tax preparation, financial coaching, child care subsidies and adult literacy training.
However, even as we look back on all of the fantastic impact we've had over the last year, it's impossible to not acknowledge the huge challenges our community continues to face, from increased poverty to youth violence and the heroin epidemic. While we're proud of the work we and our partners have accomplished, we know there's still so much more to do; we need to be able to take our work to scale and work collectively, across the county, to develop effective strategies.
For instance, we are very proud that 1,232 working families could take advantage of the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance program, bringing $1.9 million back into the community. However, according to the IRS the potential is actually $4 million – that's over $2 million left on the table that could be reinvested into the Berkshires.
Making a bigger impact will be our focus for the coming year. Though that will be difficult with the exit of Sabic, it's more important than ever that our investments be made into programs that can demonstrate impact. We will continue to lead the way in building a community that is resilient and full of hope and opportunity.
We can't do it alone; we all need to be a part of the solution. Whether you contribute by giving financially, advocating for key community issues with your friends, loved ones, co-workers and elected officials, or take advantage of one of our many volunteer opportunities, we hope that you'll help us achieve our goal of making Berkshire County a community where every individual and family lives, works, and thrives. Let's commit to making 2016 a terrific year for the Berkshires.
To give, advocate, or volunteer, please visit www.berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
Katrina Mattson, the health services manager at Tapestry Health in Pittsfield, says Tapestry counselors visit seven area high schools monthly and teens can pick up information on reproductive health and set up appointments for counseling or other services. (Stephanie Zollshan — The Berkshire Eagle)
“Berkshire County's teen birth rate falls by more than half”
By Scott Stafford, The Berkshire Eagle, December 9, 2015
PITTSFIELD - The birth rate among teenagers in Berkshire County declined by more than half between 2009 and 2014, according to figures released by the Massachusetts Department of Health.
The birth rate among 15- to 19-year-old females in 2014 was 12.4 births per 1,000 — a more than 54 percent reduction. The rates in Pittsfield (57 percent) and North Adams (63 percent) showed the most dramatic decreases. Meanwhile, the state birth rate for teens has declined 46 percent during the same period. Both the state and Berkshire County rates are below the national rate of 26.5 percent.
According to Nataly Garzon, coordinator for youth development at the Berkshire United Way, the declines are consistent with a national downward trend in births among teenagers. She attributes the drop to efforts that provide evidenced-based reproductive health education along with wider access to reproductive health counseling and contraceptives.
"It is a complex effort to provide consistent information to all the sources teens go to," including their parents, the schools and social media, Garzon said. "We're trying to provide them with the right tools and information to allow them to be able to make the right choices."
The effort that began several years ago is having an effect today, she added.
"We're very excited that the plan is having an impact, but we're going to continue to try to reduce those figures even more," Garzon said. "We want to make sure all teens know these things so we can significantly reduce those numbers over the next four years."
She noted that the local United Way is working with Tapestry Health, a Western Massachusetts nonprofit that provides family planning and reproductive health services, to provide interested teenagers with educational information, counseling and reproductive health care services.
According to Katrina Mattson, health services manager for Tapestry in Berkshire County, Tapestry counselors visit seven high schools monthly — Drury, Lee, Pittsfield, Taconic, Wahconah Regional, Hoosac Valley, and Berkshire Arts and Technology Charter Public — at a table near the lunch room, where teens can pick up at will information packets and set up appointments for counseling or other services. Both Garzon and Mattson said an effort is under way to set up tables in all of the high schools in Berkshire County.
With Chapter 10 federal funding, Tapestry counselors help teens to understand the risks and consequences that come with sexual activity, and offer solutions to issues the teens might be having.
Health services are also provided by appointment and can be paid through insurance. But when the teen is in a situation where bringing a parent into the process would be impractical, the services are provided at a greatly reduced rate — or "pretty much free," as Mattson described it.
She said that while the service is 100 percent confidential, they always encourage the teens to bring their parents into the discussion. Some are unable because the young person isn't yet ready to talk to their parents, Mattson said.
"We always encourage young people to talk to their parents but they are not always ready when they become sexually active," she said. "That is why it is important that they can consent for their own care at Tapestry. When asked, Tapestry can provide the information and counseling needed to devise a birth control plan, as well as testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections."
"It means better outcomes for everybody, especially the young people," Mattson said. "For teenagers, delaying pregnancy is just a better option and results in better outcomes in the long run."
"Unfortunately," Garzon said, "teen moms are not likely to attain educational goals that they would have otherwise, especially here in Berkshire County."
Tapestry also provides reproductive life planning with young men regarding what their plans are for children and birth control methods they or their partner are using or considering.
Kristine Hazzard, president and CEO of the Berkshire United Way, said it is gratifying that the effort to reduce teen pregnancy is paying off.
"As thrilled as we are with these measurable results, there is still more to be done," Hazzard said. "The decline in the rate is fantastic, but Berkshire County is still above the state average. When you consider that there were 57 teen births countywide in 2014, including 37 teen births in Pittsfield, 13 in North Adams, five in Adams, and six across seven other Berkshire County towns — it's startling.
"With school systems slashing health education budgets across the county, it's important that we educate parents, caregivers, community providers, and other caring adults to be a resource for our youth when they have questions about sexual health and relationships."
Contact Scott Stafford at 413-496-6301. firstname.lastname@example.org @BE_SStafford on Twitter.
related link: www.tapestryhealth.org
“Positive numbers on teen birth rate”
The Berkshire Eagle, Editorial, December 17, 2015
The dramatic decline in the teen birth rate in Berkshire County testifies to a lot of educational hard work by people and agencies. It translates into a brighter future for many young people.
The birth rate among 15- to 19-year-old females declined by 54 percent in the county from 2009 to 2014, according to state Department of Health statistics. This includes a 57 percent decline in Pittsfield and 63 percent drop n North Adams. Both the county and state rates of teen births are below the national rate (Eagle, December 10).
For too many years teen pregnancy was addressed, if it was addressed at all, through lectures about abstinence, and the numbers attested to the failures of this approach. Today, organizations like Tapestry Health, which works with the Berkshire United Way, provide educational information, counseling and family planning services. This assistance, which is offered to boys as well as girls, is provided individually and by Tapestry councilors in visits to Berkshire high schools.
Teen mothers often drop out of school, and without the education needed to acquire stable jobs they must rely on state and federal assistance, which is paid for by taxpayers. Lowering the teen birth rate makes good economic sense, and success aside, this effort must continue, with necessary government funding.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “New volunteer options, social media campaigns in new year”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, January 5, 2016
On behalf of the board and staff of Berkshire United Way, happy New Year and we wish you great success in 2016!
With input from key community partners, 2015 was a time for developing some key strategies to continue our community impact in our three focus areas: early childhood literacy, positive youth development and family financial stability.
These new efforts will set us up for continued success in 2016. Berkshire United Way is committed to measurable results, from our funded partners, ourselves as an organization and the community at large.
It's because of our continual review and evaluation processes that we've been able to refine our strategies to meet our mission of improving the quality of life in Berkshire County to create sustainable change. We continue to expand our partnerships in the Berkshire community, where we have been providing support for over 90 years; we're excited to continue to grow these relationships in the New Year.
In 2015 we deepened our commitment and focus on South County with the launch of Chapter One Our Towns, Our Kids, Our Future, an early literacy campaign, and we have recently hired a South County liaison to find new ways to engage volunteers and donors in this important work.
The first meeting of the coalition is at 9 a.m. Friday, Jan. 15, at Community Health Programs in Great Barrington; we encourage folks to attend to be part of this exciting adventure to put our children on the path to future success in education and life.
In addition, this spring we will be organizing a stimulating volunteer initiative to unite all residents across the Berkshires, including businesses, in promoting a countywide focus on early literacy at the neighborhood level by making books easily accessible to all.
Widespread advocacy for what our community needs and what works to improve it is key to our success. Our plans for 2016 take this to heart and we will make it easier than ever for everyone to push Berkshire County forward.
We're putting a focus on both volunteer opportunities and social media campaigns that will make it simple and painless for Berkshire residents to have their voices heard and to roll up their sleeves to make a difference.
Family financial stability is a significant challenge for our community. With nearly one-quarter of working families in Berkshire County considered low-income and under-resourced, it's more important than ever to ensure that they have access to the services and support they need to increase their financial resources.
In late 2015 we received several grants to allow us to create a Workplace Resource Coordinator program modeled after the Working Bridges program in Chittenden County, Vt. The goal is to provide onsite support to employees of local business establishments and connect them to the resources necessary to manage the daily challenges they face that cause them to miss work or have reduced productivity.
These challenges include transportation, quality, affordable child care, and unexpected expenses such as health issues and home repairs. As employees are supported to connect to the myriad of community resources available, they are more successful at work, employers experience less absenteeism and turnover, as well as increased productivity and profits. With that, the economy in the Berkshires can be positively impacted.
The community of Chittenden experienced $164,500 poured back into their community as a direct result of the lowered turnover cost to employers. In one instance, a local hospital went from averaging 30 to 60 percent turnover to merely 3 percent, because employees were able to maintain steady employment by taking advantage of an on-site liaison and connecting to the services they needed to stabilize their family situation and finances.
We're confident that the Workplace Resource Coordinator program will be able to start the progression toward similar improvements in Berkshire County, beginning with the six local employers that have signed on to pilot the program.
We're committed to leading a great year of opportunity in the community, so we hope you'll join us. To stay up to date on everything we're doing or for more information on how to give, advocate, or volunteer, head to www.berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Program monitoring keeps partners accountable”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, February 2, 2016
Berkshire United Way works with the community to address complex social problems by leading countywide coalitions and investing in programs and services.
The importance of having comprehensive and well-reported data in these efforts cannot be understated. It is the measure of everything that we strive to accomplish, from how our own team identifies community baselines and gauges success, to how we determine which programs and activities best lead to the desired outcomes in early childhood literacy, positive youth development, and financial stability.
One recent success story comes from Berkshire Children and Families' Young Family Corridor of Care Initiative, where a young teen mother was able to successfully obtain her high school diploma, earn her cosmetology certification, and secure employment at a local residential school with the help of this great program.
She also received budgeting help, peer support, and advocacy that allowed her to truly excel in her life and career, providing a solid foundation for her daughter despite what began as less-than-ideal circumstances. This is only one example of the over 20,000 people this and other Berkshire United Way-funded programs are able to reach.
Of course, we recognize that no single organization, no matter how innovative or effective, can accomplish population-level change on its own, and so we adopted the collective impact framework for creating social change.
Our ambitious vision to have all Berkshire County residents self-sufficient, proud of, active and engaged in the community requires broad, cross-sector participation, with a common agenda, shared measurement systems, mutually reinforcing activities, and continuous communication with a backbone organization managing the process.
One aspect of this is that our funded partners are required to provide measurable results so that we as an organization can show our donors, in no uncertain terms, where their money is going.
More importantly, what their investment is accomplishing: successes like 95 percent of youth participating in Berkshire United Way-funded college- and work-ready activities are on track to graduate high school, or that 83 percent of children maintained or progressed socially and emotionally in Berkshire United Way-funded quality early childhood education programs.
Having this sort of data at the ready recently contributed to the leveraging of $80,000 in state funding to increase free access to early childhood programs for more low-income families in Pittsfield and North Adams.
A critical piece of data collection is the program monitoring visit, an annual assessment that all of our funded partners participate in. For each visit, one Berkshire United Way staff member, one board member, and one community volunteer observe a program in action and take a tour of the facility. The program representatives respond to a comprehensive list of questions where they're asked to give specifics on the success — and challenges — of the program being reviewed.
The group then meets to discuss the outcome of the visit and provides a written assessment to be shared with the organization and our board of directors. Funded partners are provided the opportunity to address any concerns if necessary.
We're happy to say that in the most recent round of monitoring visits, over two-thirds of funded partners are meeting program, data collection and contract expectations.
"The monitoring process is a validation of the great work we do with early childhood education, positive youth development and strengthening families," Kelly Marion, CEO of the Gladys Allen Brigham Community Center, told us. "We see progress on a daily basis, but to have members of the community come in and review the programs soup to nuts really gives us a boost.
"We appreciate the opportunity to talk one on one with the teams that come in and answer their questions, to educate them at times about the challenges we face doing this work and of the success stories," she said. "We are investing in human capital within our programs and to measure our progress through data collection drives our work, ensuring that it is purposeful, on track and generates positive impact in our community."
HAVING AN IMPACT
Ananda Timpane, executive director of Railroad Street Youth Project, added: "Monitoring visits are an opportunity to share the experience of Railroad Street Youth Project programs with community members and Berkshire United Way staff in ways that bring it to life for everyone involved. It is critical to us as youth workers to know that what we do is having the impact our young people deserve."
It's easy to get swallowed up in a news cycle that challenges us with tragedies and startling statistics at every turn. Having the strong feedback loop between Berkshire United Way, our funded partners, community volunteers, donors and board members is how we are able to ensure that there is plenty of demonstrable achievement to make our community optimistic for the future.
Accountability is an essential ingredient to success; without it, we have no bar to surpass and no new goals to achieve. We must always strive to progress as a community, and there's no better way to do so than knowing what works and where improvement is needed most.
For more information and to learn how you can give, advocate or volunteer, please visit us online at www.berkshireuniteway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Well-defined goals leading to 'positive strides'”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, 8/2/2016
If you have visited the Berkshire United Way website, you may have stumbled upon the community aspiration, "Making Berkshire County a community of hope and opportunity where every individual and family lives, works and thrives."
You may have wondered where this statement came from and what does it mean for Berkshire United Way?
In 2009, Berkshire United Way shifted to the Community Impact Investment Model, which represents our commitment to promoting real and sustainable change in Berkshire County.
This model uses the community-defined aspiration as the basis for determining how and where Berkshire United Way makes its investments.
Prior to this shift, Berkshire United Way devoted countless hours to meaningful conversations with over 400 representatives from more than 75 community organizations.
It was through this process that the aforementioned community aspiration was defined and the three priority community issues were identified: early childhood literacy, positive youth development and financial stability. Berkshire United Way strategically invests in these community priorities, then monitors and measures the results of these investments over time.
Michael Barbieri, senior vice president of Pittsfield Cooperative Bank, helped define the community aspiration.
"It was vital that the community developed the aspiration and continued to be involved as the three focus areas were established," he said. "This provided the foundation for the Community Impact Investment Model that Berkshire United Way was committed to implementing."
To support its mission, Berkshire United Way invests in organizations and activities that employ nationally recognized best practices — techniques supported by research and experience that have been proven to reliably lead to desired results — and innovative, evidence-based programs.
Recently, Greg Adams, Sabic Americas' regional vice president, praised Berkshire United Way's "relentless focus and passion for improving the quality of life for the residents of Pittsfield and Berkshire County."
Adams said Berkshire United Way has become more "impact-focused," specifically regarding the three areas listed above.
"These three areas plant the seeds of future success where they're most needed," he said. "The positive strides that the Berkshire United Way is helping the community make represents a vital and lasting contribution to the vibrancy of Pittsfield and the surrounding areas."
How do we measure the return on our investments and determine if our objectives are being achieved?
Berkshire United Way contracts with the Berkshire Regional Planning Commission to gather data and track community change. Through the program known as Berkshire Benchmarks, it continually collects and analyzes data to identify trends and conditions in the three priority community issues.
This data can demonstrate opportunities and challenges in the community, enabling Berkshire United Way, and the many community partners with whom we collaborate, to identify strategies that are working as well as those that need to be adjusted in order to achieve the desired goals and outcomes.
We are making positive progress — 50 Book Houses installed throughout the county will help 12,000 children gain access to reading materials year-round; there's been a 55 percent reduction in the county's teen birth rate; the countywide high school graduation rate has been on the upswing since 2009; millions in additional dollars have been returned to working families in Berkshire County since Berkshire United Way began investing in the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program in 2011 — but we can't do it alone. We need you to help build our community.
• You can give by reading to a child, joining one of our coalitions or donating to Berkshire United Way.
• You can advocate by contacting your legislators to express support for early childhood education for all children or expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit; you can follow Berkshire United Way on Facebook and share our updates with your friends.
• You can volunteer by mentoring a young person, coordinating a children's book drive for one of our book houses or becoming a tax preparer for the VITA program.
Together, we can make a difference.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Parents have vital role in children's education”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, 9/6/2016
The beginning of a new school year presents a number of opportunities for children to learn, both in and out of the classroom.
"School readiness is more than just knowing all your numbers and letters. All children need to manage their feelings, form relationships with adults and peers, solve social problems, and most importantly, they need to attend and engage in learning with curiosity and motivation," says Karen Vogel, community impact manager with Berkshire United Way.
"These social and emotional skills are learned from positive adult role models, parents and caregivers, as well as teachers. Parents and caregivers play the biggest role in school success," she said. "Setting regular bedtimes and eating a healthy breakfast set children up for a 'good day.' And making your home a supportive learning environment is setting your child up for a lifetime of success."
September symbolizes more than just being back in school and establishing new routines – it also happens to be Attendance Awareness Month. In addition to the steps you can take at home to help set your child up for academic success, ensuring they actually make it to school can make a big difference.
The importance of regular attendance begins in preschool. Starting early sets up a good habit for life. Studies show that children who miss too many days in kindergarten and first grade can struggle academically in later years. They often have trouble mastering reading by the end of third grade. By middle and high school, chronic absenteeism is one of the leading warning signs that a student will drop out of school.
Some absences are unavoidable. We understand that children get sick and need to stay home on occasion. But if too many absences occur, even if they are excused absences, the resulting lost learning time in the classroom can be a problem.
As you look to support your children in reaching high school graduation, there are obstacles that can derail them, namely, substance use and teen pregnancy. Research indicates that parents are the greatest influence on their child's decision making.
However, as a parent it can be difficult to initiate and sustain conversations about healthy decision making, which is why Berkshire United Way invests in workshops and resources to support parents and caregivers in opening those conversations and setting expectations.
Open lines of communication between parents and children help establish family and individual values, enabling young people to make healthier, safer and better-informed decisions.
For example, we know parents often find it difficult and uncomfortable to talk with their children about sexuality — conversations that should start early, not just when you think they may be sexually active.
Berkshire United Way's Face the Facts coalition, and all of the positive youth development programs funded by Berkshire United Way, offer workshops in "Let's Be Honest: Communication in Families That Keeps Kids Healthy."
This program is designed to help parents and other trusted caregivers create an environment of trust and comfort in talking with their children about sex and sexuality.
Workshops in Active Parenting and Guiding Good Choices, supported by the Berkshire United Way led Pittsfield Prevention Partnership coalition, help parents raise responsible, cooperative children who are able to resist negative peer pressure and thrive in the 21st century.
These curriculums are designed to help parents talk to their kids about risky behaviors, things they are going to be exposed to and have to make their own decisions about. Decisions related to sex, alcohol and drugs are some of the biggest challenges for young people; they also carry some of the greatest consequences. It takes a village to raise a child.
For additional information on workshops that help promote positive youth development, please email Berkshire United Way at email@example.com or call us at 413-442-6948.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org.
The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
Kristine Hazzard, president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, offers her acceptance of the 2016-2017 Woman of Achievement award presented by Berkshire Business and Professional Women, on October 17  at Pittsfield Country Club. Photo by Barbara Schmick.
Kristine Hazzard, right, president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, holds the 2016-2017 Woman of Achievement award -- a statue of Nike, the goddess of victory. The award was presented by Berkshire Business and Professional Women, which includes Woman of Achievement Committee members Claire Richards, left, Kim Baker, Donna Collins, Sharon Connors, Karen O'Donnell, June Roy-Martin, Barbara Schmick and Anne Stout. Photo by Barbara Schmick.
“Community advocate who gets the struggle”
By Jenn Smith (firstname.lastname@example.org), The Berkshire Eagle, November 4, 2016
PITTSFIELD - Kristine "Kris" Hazzard may have "CEO" in her title, but it doesn't mean she doesn't know what it's like to struggle and work her way up to the top.
At an Oct. 17 ceremony which coincided with National Women in Business Week, Hazzard was honored by Berkshire Business and Professional Women as its 2016-2017 Woman of Achievement award recipient, "for her outstanding leadership, creative energy and numerous contributions."
From the mouths of friends and colleagues, and in her own words at the Pittsfield Country Club dinner celebration and benefit for BBPW's annual women's scholarship fund, details of Hazzard's history, vision and why she chooses to continue to work to help others in the community through Berkshire United Way were shared.
In addition to various BBPW members, the evening's featured speakers included Hazzard's son, Matthew, an attorney for BrownGreer PLC in Richmond, Va.; her friend, Deb Blatt, founder of Group Restoration, a leadership and development firm; her Berkshire United Way colleague, Nancy Stoll, vice president of community impact, and Greylock Federal Credit Union President and CEO John Bissell, a community partner. Kristine's husband of 32 years, Larry, vice president for project strategy at Guardian Life Insurance Company of America, emceed the evening.
Born in Bristol, Conn., the youngest of five children, Kristine Hazzard grew up with her mother as a strong role model and also experienced chaos, with various family members facing alcoholism and substance abuse, and later her parents' divorce. In college, as she studied in the field of social work, she read a case study on a family impacted by alcoholism that she said fit her own household to a T. "I knew stuff was going on but didn't have the context for it," Hazzard said.
The desire to give others understanding, a voice and an advocate steered Hazzard into the fields of health and human services and social work.
As her son, Matthew, described for guests, he was born a day before his mother's 24th birthday. At the time, she and her husband were graduate students at the State University of New York at Albany, and Kristine was a residential director for some 1,200 college students, and then a mother of a newborn.
When his sister, Sarah came along, Matthew described watching his mother and father juggling studies and commutes and earning college degrees and growing careers while raising a family.
"For someone who's accomplished so much and worked tirelessly to better the communities she's lived in, she's managed to still be humble," the son said.
Deb Blatt recalled meeting Kristine Hazzard when Hazzard relocated to the Berkshires in 2007. It was just before Hazzard joined Berkshire United Way that November as vice president of community impact. Blatt said she saw in Hazzard someone who had a passion for advocating for women and public health and education. When Hazzard was became encouraged by others to take on the organization's role of president and CEO less than a year later, Hazzard was initially reluctant. Blatt encouraged her that the way to make change is to be in charge.
Nancy Stoll said Hazzard has been responsible for bringing "goal-oriented rigorous standards and accountability" to the table of their organization, which works with many moving parts and community individuals and partners.
"Figuring out how to achieve equity and social justice is no easy challenge, but she seems to want to be accountable to the toughest challenges, like addressing teen parenting and birth rates in the Berkshires," said John Bissell. "She's a leader and for the right reasons."
Upon receiving the Woman of Achievement Award from BBPW member June Roy-Martin and Master of Ceremony and Woman of Achievement Committee member, Claire Richards, Hazzard said, "It's humbling. Nothing that I've accomplished did I accomplish on my own. I did it with people who have a shared commitment and vision and passion to improve an issue or an entire community."
Hazzard started her career as the site manager for Planned Parenthood in Stamford, Conn. She's also worked for the City of Bridgeport Health Department supervising 10 school-based health centers. She later served as president and CEO of The Center for Women and Families of Easter Fairfield County Inc. in Bridgeport, prior to joining Berkshire United Way.
Compared to just doing it yourself, Hazzard said "collaboration is really hard, but to me, the thing I've learned most is that we do have to work together to get to the root causes of issues in our community."
She said her initial impression of the Berkshires was that it would be a small county with small problems, but soon discovered that was not the case. Its socioeconomic struggles have been further compounded by the effects of the 2008 economic recession, the closing of businesses like KB Toys and the Pittsfield-based division of Sabic.
"That means there's more concern and urgency in getting things done," Hazzard said. "We need to figure out how to create the capacity for a community response to issues."
Hazzard said she was glad to accept the Woman of Achievement award on behalf of her organization and also in an effort to raise scholarship funds for women living and working in Berkshire County. The annual program is the biggest scholarship fundraiser for Berkshire Business and Professional Women. Organizers said that back in September, BBPW was able to award $14,000 in scholarships to 24 women seeking to further their education and career training.
Hazzard said the issue of poverty is the next one she'd like to dig into. She noted that 67 percent of local households with children under the age of 18 are headed by women whose earnings are below the poverty line. "If she has two or three kids, how is she ever going to get on a career path toe help her get out of that financial dilemma," Hazzard said. "This is something we really have to figure out, because they're our workforce too."
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Book Houses, `Humans' cap a year of touching lives”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, December 6, 2016
At a time when the challenges facing our nation feel overwhelming, we give thanks knowing the local investments we are making are having a positive impact on our neighbors. The time and money invested in Berkshire United Way improves the lives of kids and families, and that is good for our community.
Thanks to the generous support of our donors and hard work of our community partners, Berkshire United Way impacted 23,651 lives through our investments in programs and coalitions this past year. I want to highlight just a few of the great accomplishments.
During the first half of the year, Berkshire United Way coordinated the development and installation of Berkshire Book Houses. This countywide project brought more than 150 volunteers together to build 50 Book Houses and install them in 23 communities across the county, helping 12,000 kids gain access to reading materials throughout the year.
Fifty civic and faith-based organizations and local companies have run book drives to stock the houses, which can accommodate 100 books each, and serve as their caretakers year-round. If we help our children in their earliest years by reading with them and building their vocabulary, they arrive at kindergarten ready to learn. This is the first building block toward their future success.
At the end of May, we launched a countywide awareness campaign to highlight the rich lives of our youth and the strong mentoring programs in the Berkshires that are working to increase youth aspirations and planning for their future.
The campaign, titled "Humans of the Berkshires," was developed in response to survey data that told us youth do not feel valued or appreciated by members of their community. Inspired by the impactful "Humans of New York" project, this campaign features several Berkshire County youth every week, and currently has over 3,700 followers on Facebook and Instagram. If you aren't already following Humans of the Berkshires, we encourage you to do so - the stories and accomplishments of this generation are truly inspiring.
Berkshire United Way's Workplace Resource Coordinator Program was also new this year. Through this program, a workplace resource coordinator meets people on site at their place of employment to connect them to vital community resources and services that address non-work related issues that may be impacting their attendance and productivity, such as transportation, utility bills or child care. This innovative effort is designed to create a stable work force and ultimately an improved economic climate and thriving community.
Berkshire United Way is currently working with five employers to offer this program to over 1,400 employees and will expand the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program to these workplaces in the months ahead to help employees increase their assets.
Making an even greater impact will be our focus for the coming year, but we can't do it alone; we need you to be a part of the solution. Whether you contribute by giving financially, advocate for key community issues, or take advantage of one of our many volunteer opportunities, like helping prepare taxes for the VITA program, we hope that you'll help us achieve our goal of making Berkshire County a community of hope and opportunity, where every individual and family lives, works, and thrives.
Together, we CAN build our community. Wishing you happy holidays and success in 2017.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org. The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Programs help connect families with needed resources”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, January 3, 2017
Recently, there has been a lot of discussion about the socioeconomic differences across our country.
At a glance, it may appear that Berkshire County residents are fairly well off, with grand Berkshire cottages dotting the landscape, cultural offerings galore, and a plethora of fine dining establishments that extend from the Vermont border down to the Connecticut line.
The facts tell an alarmingly different story.
Based on 2014 data collected by Berkshire Benchmarks, a data clearinghouse managed by Berkshire Regional Planning Commission, and just one of the many programs funded by Berkshire United Way, there are 7,846 families living at 200 percent of the poverty level in Berkshire County; that is 24 percent of our county's population. For comparison, the percentage of low-income families in Massachusetts is 19.7.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the low-income threshold for a family of four with two children under the age of 18 is $48,500. If you're a single parent with two children, the upper threshold is $38,192. Take a moment and ask yourself if you could support your family on those wages; those are gross wages, by the way.
Wherever you live in Berkshire County, it is quite likely that one of your neighbors is doing just that. Never mind that these families cannot afford to attend one of the aforementioned cultural events or opportunities to eat out. These members of our community are making the gut-wrenching decision — on a weekly basis — to feed their family or pay their utility bills.
With the help and support of our partners throughout the community, Berkshire United Way is working to change that. Our goal is to reduce the number of low-income families in Berkshire County to less than 20 percent by 2020.
The Workplace Resource Coordinator Program is designed to address job retention and absenteeism. Through this program, a Workplace Resource Coordinator (WRC) meets people at various work sites to connect employees to vital community resources and services that address non-work-related issues impacting their attendance and productivity such as transportation, challenges with paying bills or identifying quality child care. This innovative effort is designed to create a stable workforce and ultimately an improved economic climate for our community.
Wes Gadson, of Pittsfield, was hired as the coordinator in March. A recent client spoke about her experience with the program.
"Wes accessed Goodwill vouchers for clothes and shoes needed for work, which I wouldn't have otherwise been able to afford. Appearance is a priority in my job, and looking your best at work shouldn't have to be stressful," she said. "Working with Wes made it all hassle free! She also provided valuable information about food banks and senior benefits offered in this community."
The WRC program is currently available at five local companies: Berkshire Community College; the Brien Center; Greylock Federal Credit Union; Hill Engineers, Architects, Planners; and Main Street Hospitality.
Berkshire United Way is also investing in the Community Connector program, a partnership among 20 community-based service providers who are committed to reducing the financial struggles of low-income individuals and families.
The partnership has adopted a "no wrong door" approach in which each agency uses a common intake that assesses the needs of the individual or family so that they can make immediate referrals to additional services provided by members of the partnership. The partnership's objectives are to assist low-income residents raise their credit scores, maintain employment, and earn certificates and education degrees that lead to better paying jobs, to name a few. The program also aims to have a "warm handoff" when connecting individuals with other organizations and resources.
In addition, Berkshire United Way is increasing its financial support for the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program so that the 1,400 employees served by the WRC program can access volunteers who will help maximize their tax returns by ensuring those who qualify receive the earned income tax credit.
Residents of Berkshire County with an annual household income of $54,000 or less qualify for VITA and are also encouraged to file back taxes using this resource. For additional information on VITA and other resources please visit the financial stability section of our website at berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org. The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Youth programs make difference to prevent addiction”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, January 31, 2017
Nearly every day there's a story in the news about drug use — the themes of those stories range from local overdoses, busts and other drug-related crimes to the need for treatment services; indeed, we are facing an epidemic here in the Berkshires and beyond.
While providing treatment services to those addicted is an important community responsibility; so is prevention. Youth need access to information and opportunities to develop life skills that lead them to graduating high school with a career or college plan.
The Berkshire Youth Development Project (BYDP) leads efforts to support our county's youth, so they will transition successfully to adulthood. What is BYDP? It is a collaboration of youth-serving organizations and coalitions from throughout the county. The principal partners are the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition, Railroad Street Youth Project and Berkshire United Way.
"I believe there is incredible value in convening a partnership of regional groups who work on youth development in Berkshire County. The Berkshire Youth Development Project offers opportunities to share best practices in youth development, build capacity and training for youth workers across the county, as well as create collaborative and unified messaging to youth regarding the resources available to them as they face various challenges.
"This partnership increases, individually and collectively, our ability to utilize the funding we receive to do this work in the most effective way when serving the youth of Berkshire County," says Amber Besaw, executive director of the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition.
Established in 2006, with support from our Berkshire County legislative delegation, which advocates for state funding for this collaborative, state Rep. William "Smitty" Pignatelli said, "I was able to witness up close how the Railroad Street Youth Project made a huge difference in my district by turning to our young people for leadership. Everyone says the youth are our future; they are also our present. They are a gift to those of us lucky to have young people in our lives, and an important voice in the here and now. I saw this as an opportunity to bring it countywide and that's how the Berkshire Youth Development Project was formed. It has been an opportunity to help broaden that perspective, as well as a vehicle for increasing the overall capacity of our youth-serving agencies to better work with our young people."
BYDP has been able to bring additional resources to Berkshire County through their collaborative efforts, including most recently a workforce development grant that will provide training and professional development for people who work with youth across the county. This will enable many youth serving organizations to improve the quality of services they offer to our young people.
Other examples of collaboration include the annual RX Roundup that takes place throughout the county. This program encourages residents to remove unused prescription and nonprescription drugs from their medicine cabinets, where they may be accessible to youth.
BYDP also coordinates the annual 411 in the 413 Youth Conference, which brings young people from across the county together to explore, debate and address topics of interest. Organizers recruit participants for the conference through each of the county's high schools for the daylong event, which allows youth to plan seminars that are of interest and relevant to their lives, network with their peers and develop communication and leadership skills.
In collaboration with public schools throughout Berkshire County since 2006, partners have administered the Prevention Needs Assessment Survey (PNAS) every two years to students in Grades 8, 10 and 12. The data from this survey is used to drive strategies to increase protective factors and reduce risk factors that impact youth behavior and measure the impact of regional and collective interventions.
For further information on BYDP, please contact: Amber Besaw, Northern Berkshire Community Coalition, 413-663-7588; Ananda Timpane, Railroad Street Youth Project, 413-528-2475; or Nataly Garzon, Berkshire United Way, 413-442-6948.
For more details on coalition membership and youth serving organizations, please visit our website, berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org. The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
Jennifer Michaels, M.D.: “Talking to youth about drugs, alcohol”
By Jennifer Michaels, M.D., Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, February 3, 2017
PITTSFIELD — Substance use has long been a thorny subject to navigate with our children. In fact, many parents say they dread the drug and alcohol talk even more than the "sex talk." However, amid the current opioid epidemic and the recent legalization of marijuana, discomfort and avoidance are no longer acceptable options. Rest assured, if you're not talking to your kids about drugs, someone else is. And kids who aren't properly informed are at greater risk of engaging in unsafe behaviors and experimenting with substances.
Children today on average begin to experiment with substances at age 12. It's imperative that parents begin speaking to them as early as possible and provide them with correct information and resolve misconceptions they've received from outside sources. The upshot? Research shows that children who learn the facts about drugs and alcohol from their parents are significantly less likely to use them.
According to experts, it's best to develop an ongoing dialogue with your child — starting in the preschool years if possible — and to look for spontaneous, everyday situations, or "teachable moments," in which to lay the foundation for open, honest, two-way communication.
Here are some suggestions on how to initiate this important conversation with your children:
* Start early and use age-appropriate examples: When you have a sick little one at home, emphasize the importance of taking the right dosage of medicine, making sure the child understands that too much medicine could actually cause illness. If your older child is prescribed an opioid for a sports injury, talk to the prescriber about non-opioid alternatives for pain management. If opioid pills are required, keep them in a secure location and discard any unused pills. Talk to your child about the dangers of taking these medications for prolonged periods or for reasons other than prescribed. Research shows that people who become addicted to opioid pills are 40 times more likely to become addicted to heroin.
* Scare tactics and shaming don't work: When our children make bad decisions about substances, it is vital they know that we as parents are there for them and will help them stay safe. Reassure them they won't be punished for seeking help. Balance your response with love, education and meaningful consequences. Avoid excessive punishment or shaming. Educate your child about the ways drugs and alcohol lower inhibitions and lead to poor choices such as driving drunk or unsafe sexual activities.
* Focus on facts instead of fears: A young person's brain does not fully develop until age 25 and early substance use can wire the brain for a lifetime of addiction. A young person's brain is exquisitely sensitive to the toxic effects of substances. Focus on healthy living and wise decisions to nurture optimal brain development.
* Set an example at home: Every day, we as parents teach our children how to live. If you struggle with addictions get help right away. Children exposed to parental substance misuse are significantly more likely to suffer physical and emotional issues during childhood and adulthood. If you drink alcohol at home, do not offer it to your children. The "European Model" is a myth. Introducing children to wine at dinner does not acclimate them to alcohol nor inoculate them against alcoholism. In fact, Europeans have some of the highest alcoholism rates in the world. The later a child is exposed to drugs and alcohol, the less likely he or she will engage in unhealthy habits later on.
* Be vigilant: Many parents consider weekend nights and parties the riskiest times for substance use, but studies show our children are most vulnerable for at-risk behaviors during weekday after school hours. Structure and supervision during these times reduces risk. Get to know your child's friends and their parents and confirm that their philosophy regarding substance use is consistent with your own.
* Rehearse refusal skill: Many adolescents feel pressured to use alcohol or drugs because some of their friends are using them. Rehearse creative responses (beyond "no") to friends who might be pressuring your child to try substances. Create an "escape clause" with your child. For example, an agreed upon code word texted or spoken over the phone communicates to you that your child needs to be picked up from a party.
* Maximize health, happiness and intelligence: Encourage your child to pursue sports, clubs, hobbies, and other activities that foster personal growth, happiness and investment. A child engaged in these activities is less likely to pursue unhealthy ones. Spend time with your child and create family traditions and responsibilities that build confidence. When you get to know your child's routines, you can more easily recognize deviations that may indicate experimentation with drugs and alcohol.
Remember: talk to your children early, often, and with kindness. We as parents have the tools and the responsibility.
Jennifer Michaels, M.D., FASAM, is the medical director of the Brien Center.
Kristine Hazzard | Live United: “Coalition aims to spur youth development, shun substances”
By Kristine Hazzard, Op-Ed, The Berkshire Eagle, February 28, 2017
PITTSFIELD — Some community problems can seem too complex for any one person, agency or organization to tackle.
Coalitions of people from different sectors, with different expertise and experiences, are often a positive way for people to work together to develop and execute solutions to achieve a common goal. Members of a coalition have a shared vision, align their activities to support one another, are in agreement on how they will measure success, and are in regular communication with one another.
The Pittsfield Prevention Partnership (PPP) is a Berkshire United Way-led youth development coalition. Its goal is to unite the community to create a healthy environment for positive youth development by reducing and preventing youth substance use.
The PPP engages in strategies that impact youth behavior and increase community awareness.
These strategies or activities include:
- Sticker Shock Campaigns, which involve middle school students, and adult supervisors, placing stickers on multi-packs of alcohol in participating package stores. In addition, they place stickers on the bags in which alcohol will be placed when sold.
The stickers remind purchasers that providing alcohol to minors is illegal. The goal of this campaign is to raise awareness of underage drinking laws and to prevent underage drinking.
- Shoulder Taps Campaigns, which involve student volunteers, accompanied by a plain clothes police officer who observes from a distance, asking adults who are entering a liquor store if they would be willing to purchase alcohol for them, because they are too young to purchase it themselves. If the adult refuses to buy alcohol for the student, they receive a green card summarizing how they are contributing to a safe community.
If the adult is willing to make the purchase, they receive a red card that notes the consequences of furnishing alcohol to a person under 21. The most recent Shoulder Taps campaign found 85 percent of adults said no.
- Alcohol Purchase Surveys include a "secret shopper," a legal-age young adult, attempting to purchase alcohol to see if the establishment properly asks for identification. If the server proceeds with serving the young adult without requesting ID, they receive a red card that summarizes the consequences of furnishing alcohol to a person under 21; if they ID the young adult, they receive a green card summarizing how they are contributing to a safe community along with a $5 gift card to Dunkin' Donuts. In a recent survey, 73 percent of establishments asked for ID.
Following each Alcohol Purchase Survey, the PPP follows-up with the Alcohol Licensing Board to let them know which establishments failed to properly ID the secret shopper.
- Training for Intervention Procedures (TIPS) is a skills-based training for alcohol servers that is designed to prevent intoxication, underage drinking, and drunk driving by providing information on responsible service, sale, and consumption of alcohol.
- Social Norms Marketing Campaigns, for example the billboard stating, "99 percent of Pittsfield parents want to know if you see their teen drinking," which was based on a survey conducted by the PPP.
Since 2006, the PPP has played a critical role in helping Berkshire United Way achieve its goal of reducing youth alcohol and substance use; the eighth-grade 30-day alcohol use has declined 59.7 percent countywide.
"This collaborative approach brings together different voices, suggestions and resources to shape the best strategy for combating the significant issues Pittsfield faces regarding youth substance abuse. The data we receive from the biannual Prevention Needs Assessment Survey reflects the areas we have had success in.
It also identifies the areas that we need to improve or emphasize by adapting our strategies to be more relevant to our youth," says Justine Dodds, chairwoman of the PPP steering committee.
Each of us has the ability to become instruments of change. Coalitions are one way for us to put our collective energies together to build a stronger community. To learn more about Berkshire United Way's coalitions, or volunteer for these activities, please visit berkshireunitedway.org.
Kristine Hazzard is president and CEO of Berkshire United Way, berkshireunitedway.org. The opinions expressed by columnists do not necessarily reflect the views of The Berkshire Eagle.
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